Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916. It also owns and produces the Mini marque, and is the parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW produces motorcycles under BMW Motorrad and Husqvarna brands. In 2010, the BMW group produced 1,481,253 automobiles and 112,271 motorcycles across all its brands.
518 518i 525i 528i 535i M535i; Saloon; 1766cc 1795cc 2494cc 2788cc 3430cc sohc petrol (not 4WD models) ● 5 Series (E34) 518i 520i 525i 530i 535i; Saloon and Touring; 1795cc 1990cc 2494cc 2986cc 3430cc sohc petrol (not 4WD models) Engines Covered ● M10/4 piston (1766 cc) ● M40/4 piston (1596 cc) (1796 cc) ● M20/6 piston (1990 cc) (2494 cc) ● M30/6 piston (2494 cc) (2788 cc) (2986 cc) (3430 cc) Does NOT cover models with Dual Overhead Cam vee eight or Diesel Engines or 4WD. gearboxs Covered: ● Getrag 5-speed manual ● ZF 5-speed manual ● ZF 3 HP 22 - 3 Speed Automatic ● ZF 4 HP 22 - 4 Speed Automatic ● ZF 4 HP EH - Electronic 4 Speed Automatic Contents: ● Living with Your BMW ● Roadside Repairs ● Routine Maintenance Service ● Engine In-Car Repair Procedures ● General Engine Overhaul ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and steering electrical systems and electrical schematics. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and lots more
Manuals click here NEW softcover 304 pages BMW 5 Series Diesel 2003 - 2010 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers: BMW 5-Series Saloon (E60) and Touring (E61) with 4 Cylinder 6 Cylinder turbo-diesel engines: 520d 525d 530d. DOES NOT cover new 5-Series (F10/F11) range introduced during 2010 Engines Covered: 2.0 liter (1995cc) 520d - N47 D20 4-cylinder DOHC sixteen valve 2.0 liter (1995cc) 520d - M47 D20 T2 4-cylinder DOHC sixteen valve two point five liter (2497cc) 525d - M57 D25 TU inline 6-cylinder DOHC 24-valve 3.0 liter (2993cc) 530d - M57 D30 TU/T2 inline 6-cylinder DOHC 24-valve DOES NOT cover petrol models 535d twin turbo diesel models or models with xDrive gearbox gearboxs Described: * GS6-17BG/DG or 37BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (N47 engine) * GS6-37BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (M47T2 engine) * GS6-53BZ/DZ 6-speed manual (6-cylinder engines) * GA6HP19Z 6-speed automatic (4-cylinder engines) * GA6HP26Z 6-speed automatic (6-cylinder engines) Contents: * Routine Maintenance * Tune-Up Procedures * motor maintenance * Cooling And Heating * Air-Conditioning * Fuel And Exhaust * air pollution control * Ignition braking system * springs and shock absorbers And Rack details
introduced Sept 1998 It does not cover the later M52 6-cylinder motors or diesel motors. The motors covered by this manual are as follows: 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B16 four cylinderinder petrol up to 1993 model year 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B16 four cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B18 four cylinderinder petrol up to 1993 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B18 four cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M42 B18 four cylinderinder petrol 1.9 L (1895 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M44 B19 four cylinderinder petrol 2.0 L (1991 cubic centimetre ) Dual Overhead Cam M50 B20 6 cylinder petrol up to 1995 (including VANOS) 2.0 L (1991 cubic centimetre ) troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed more tips
Mini Cooper S Does NOT cover models with CVT or Steptronic Auto gearbox or features specific to Convertible or John Cooper 'Works' conversions. Does NOT cover new ('Mk II') MINI introduced Aug 2006. With a Haynes manual you can do it yourself…from simple maintenance to basic repairs. Haynes writes every book based on a complete teardown of the vehicle. We learn the best ways to do a job and that makes it quicker easier and cheaper for you. Our books have clear instructions and hundreds of photographs that show each step. Whether you’re a beginner or a pro you can save big with Haynes! --Step-by-step procedures --Easy-to-follow photos --Complete troubleshooting section --Valuable short cuts --Color spark plug diagnosis In this workshop manual: Basic maintenance: simple weekly checks Service your car: complete step-by-step guide Fault finding: pinpoint specific problems easily Roadside emergencies: how to deal with them Pass the MOT: step-by-step test checks Reference section: includes a detailed glossary Braking System: safelty checks repairs Fuel ignition systems: explained wiring: fault finding repairs Engine: tune-up minor find out more.....
Editions.motors covered: 0.9 litre (848 cubic centimetre ) 1.0 litre (998 cubic centimetre ) 1.1 litre (1098 cubic centimetre ) and 1.3 litre (1275 cubic centimetre ).Does NOT cover ERA Mini Turbo.Does NOT cover features specific to Cabriolet.In this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and Rack and pinion electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on bills for repair and maintenance. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here.. information
or four-stroke diesel Models Compact Convertable or M3 models or new 3-series (E90/E91/E92) introduced durint 2005.. DOES NOT Cover: 1.6 liter (1596 cubic centimetre ) four cylinderinder petrol and all four-stroke diesel motors are not covered in this manual. motors Covered: ● 1.8 liter (1796 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B18" DOHC "Valvetronic" four cylinderinder ● one point nine liter (1895 cubic centimetre ) "M43TU B19" OHC four cylinderinder ● 2.0 liter (1995 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B20" DOHC "Valvetronic" four cylinderinder ● 2.2 liter (2171 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B22" DOHC 6 cylinder ● two point five liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M52TU B25" DOHC 6 cylinder ● two point five liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B25" DOHC 6 cylinder ● 2.8 liter (2793 cubic centimetre ) "M52TU B28" DOHC 6 cylinder ● 3.0 liter (2979 cubic procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. extra
UK BMW 3 Series (E90) Touring (E91) Petrol Diesel Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: Saloon (E90) Touring (E91) with 4 piston 6 piston motors. Petrol Models Covered: ● 318i ● 320i ● 325i ● 330i Diesel Models Covered: ● 318d ● 320d ● 325d ● 330d The manual DOES NOT cover: 320Si 335i 335d and M3 or any features specific to the (E92) Coupe (E93) Convertible or XDrive (four wheel drive) versions of the above. DOES NOT cover: `facelifted` MY2009 range introduced Sept 2008 in the UK Oct 2008 in Australia. Petrol motors Covered: ● 318i - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320i - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 6 piston ● 325i - 2.5 liter (2497 cc) 6 piston ● 330i - 3.0 liter (2996 cc) 6 piston Turbo Diesel motors Covered: ● 318d - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320d - 2.0 liter (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 325d - 3.0 liter (2993 cc) 6 piston ● 330d - 3.0 liter (2993 cc) 6 piston Transmissions described are 5 Speed and 6 Speed Manual and Automatic Transmissions. No overhaul or major repair procedures are described but normal maintenance and simple maintenance tasks and removal and installation of the additional info.....
Cam 6 piston Petrol. 2.2 liter (2171cc) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. two point five liter (2494cc) M52 M52TU M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. 2.8 liter (2793cc) M52 M52TU Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. 3.0 liter (2979cc) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 piston Petrol. Please Note: Does NOT cover 535i 540i or M5 with vee eight petrol engines four-stroke diesel models or new generation E60/61 5 Series range introduced 2003. Does NOT cover 3.5 liter (3498cc) 4.4 liter (4398cc) 5.0 liter (4941cc) vee eight petrol engines or four-stroke diesel models. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition braking system suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. more data
that these manuals are intended for petrol motor cars (except where diesel is specifically mentioned) built to US specifications. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and electrical schematics. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. click
Four Wheel Drive Models. motors covered: ● M52 TU B25 2494 cubic centimetre ● M52 BU B28 2793 cubic centimetre ● M54 B25 2494 cubic centimetre ● M54 B30 2979 cubic centimetre ● M56 B25 2494 cubic centimetre Contents: ● Routine maintenance ● Tune-up procedures ● motor repair ● Cooling and heating ● Air conditioning ● Fuel and exhaust ● Emissions control ● Ignition ● braking system ● Suspension and Rack and pinion ● Electrical systems ● electrical schematics Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. more information.....
525 528 and 528i 1973 - Sept 1981 up to X UK manual covers: BMW 525 and 525 Auto 2494 cubic centimetre BMW 528 and 528 Auto 2788 cubic centimetre BMW 528i and 528i Auto 2788 cubic centimetre Please note: This manual DOES NOT cover revised range introduced October 1981. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning motor maintenance cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams. Haynes repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. . click to go
1982Engines covered are all BMC / Leyland A-series OHV 4-piston:* 850 (848 cubic centimetre )* 1000 (998 cubic centimetre )* 1100 (1098 cubic centimetre )* 1275 (1275 cubic centimetre )Transmissions Covered:* four geared manual* four geared automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the Auto gearbox.Contents:* Engine* Cooling System* Fuel System* Clutch* Manual Transmission (Strip Down and Rebuild)* tail shafts* Auto gearbox* Rack and pinion* Front springs and shock absorbers* Rear springs and shock absorbers* braking system* wiring (Plus electrical schematics)* Body* Emission Control* Lubrication and Maintenance* Wiring Diagram for Australian Mini Clubman GT* Wiring Diagram for Australian Moke Pick-UP* Wiring Diagram for Mini 850 Deluxe Saloon Van Pick-Up with Generator and Toggle Switches* Estate with Automotive alternator and Rocker Switches* Wiring Diagram for Mini Clubman Saloon and Estate with Generator and Toggle Switches* Wiring Diagram for Mini 1000 Special Deluxe Saloon with Generator and Toggle Switches* Wiring Diagram for Mini 1000 Special Deluxe Saloon with Automotive click
Hornet Mk1 Mk2 Mk3motors covered: 0.9 liter (848 cubic centimetre ) 1.0 liter (970 cubic centimetre 997 cubic centimetre and 998 cubic centimetre ) 1.1 liter (1071 cubic centimetre ) and 1.3 liter (1275 cubic centimetre ). Covers manual and Auto gearbox versions. Does NOT cover features specific to Mini Moke.In this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures motor repair cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition braking system springs and shock absorbers and steering wirings and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on maintenance and repair bills. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you full details
this manual you will find routine maintenance tune-up procedures motor repair cooling and heating air conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition braking system suspension and Rack and pinion wirings and wiring diagrams. Integracar attempts to make available a considerable selection of servicing guides. Never the less repair manuals can be released for dissimilar countries and the vehicles developed for those countries. Then not all workshop manuals may be right for your specific motor vehicle. If you have enquiries whether or not a certain maintenance manual is good for your automobile please make contact with us hereBMW 3 and 5 Series Automotive Repair Manual by Larry Warren more info
and lavishly illustrated history full of never-before-seen testimony from those involved with the car throughout its 41 years in production. A large format and lively design complete the package making this the definitive history of the definitive small car.Mini by Jon Pressnell more information.....
the best coverage for cars trucks vans SUVs and motorcycles on the market today. Each manual contains easy to follow progressive instructions linked to hundreds of photographs and illustrations. Included in every manual: troubleshooting section to help identify specific problems; tips that give valuable short cuts to make the job easier and eliminate the need for special tools; notes cautions and warnings for the home mechanic; color spark plug diagnosis and an easy to use index. Integracar attempts to have a sizeable assortment of workshop guides. But owners manuals can be designed for distinctive nations and the motor car built for those nations. For this reason not all maintenance manuals may be right for your individual automobile. If you have enquiries whether or not a selected maintenance manual is eligible for your vehicle kindly get in contact with us hereBMW 3-Series Automotive Repair Manual by Jay Storer information
you need to do the job. Save time and money by doing it yourself with the confidence only a Chilton Repair Manual can provide. Integracar endeavors to give you a big collection of owners guides. Never the less maintenance manuals may just be developed for numerous countries and the automobiles designed for those countries. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all repair manuals may be best suited for your specific vehicle. If you have any important questions whether a specific repair manual is eligible for your automobile feel free to contact us hereChilton BMW Saloons and Coupes (1970-84) by Chilton Automotive Books more tips
hereThe BMW 7 Series (E38) Service Manual: 1995-2001 is a comprehensive source of service information and technical specifications available for the BMW 7 Series models from 1995 to 2001. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Models engines and transmissions covered: * 740i 740iL: M60 4.0 liter M62 or M62 TU 4.4 liter * 750iL: M73 or M73 TU 5.6 liter Engine management systems (Motronic): * Bosch M3.3 (OBD I) * Bosch M5.2 (OBD II) * Bosch M5.2.1 (OBD II) * Bosch M5.2.1 (OBD II / LEV) * Bosch ME 7.2 (OBD II) Auto gearboxs * A5S 560Z * A5S 440Z Integracar attempts to give you a broad number of service guides. Even so owners manuals could well be designed for distinctive countries and the cars produced for those nations. That being said not all repair manuals may be best suited for your particular vehicle. If you have any concerns whether or not a individual service manual is good for your automobile kindly e-mail us hereBMW 7 Series Service Manual 1995-2001 (E38) by Bentley Publishers more info
components making it an invaluable resource for collectors and restorers of these classic BMW motorcycles.//There are 257 illustrations and each procedure is explained in a progressive method using an appropriate illustration. The translation from German to English is at times a little quirky but the profuse illustrations make up for any difficulty in understanding what needs to be done!//True to the original this reproduction is published in four languages English German French and Spanish making this a universal publication and required reading for any owner. Out-of-print and unavailable for many years this book is highly sought after on the secondary market and we are pleased to be able to offer this reproduction as a service to all BMW enthusiasts worldwide. Integracar attempts to put up a substantial number of owners guides. Nevertheless repair manuals can be released for numerous countries and the motorcycles released for those countries. Which is why not all workshop manuals may be acceptable for your individual motor bike. If you have any important questions whether or not a certain service manual is best for your motor bike kindly get in contact details
information and specifications available for BMW cars. These manuals provide the highest level of clarity and completeness for all service and repair procedures. Enthusiasts do-it-yourselfers and professional technicians will appreciate the quality of photographs and illustrations theory of operation and a cubic centimetre urate progressive instructions. If you are looking for better understanding of your BMW look no further than Bentley.Even if you do not repair your own vehicle knowledge of its internal workings will help you when discussing repairs and maintenance with your professional automotive technician.Features: -- Complete maintenance procedures: brake fluid changes to resetting service indicator -- Engine and piston head service -- Camshaft timing chain setup and adjustment -- Driveability problems: DME Mone point seven M3.1 M3.3.1 ME5.2 OBD OBD II -- Theory of workshop manuals may be right for your individual motor vehicle. If you have any important questions whether or not a individual service manual is eligible for your car feel free to make contact with us hereBMW 3 Series (E36) Service Manual 1992-98 by Bentley Publishers more tips
specifications available for the BMW Z3 Roadster and Coupe up through the 2002 model year. New durable hardcover format - This BMW manual is now being published as a durable long-lasting hardcover book designed to withstand many years of use in a professional shop or home garage. Though the do-it-yourself BMW owner will find this manual indispensable as a source of detailed maintenance and repair information the BMW owner who has no intention of working on his or her car will find that reading and owning this manual will make it possible to discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Integracar endeavors to offer a considerable selection of repair guides. Conversely owners manuals can sometimes be manufactured for specific nations and the motor cars designed for those nations. Fot that reason not all maintenance manuals may be right for your specific vehicle. If you have questions whether or not a selected workshop manual is appropriate for your automobile feel free to contact us hereBMW Z3 Service Manual 1996-2002 by Bentley Publishers more here.....
up to the revised BMW version of today. Through the Swinging Sixties as the epitome of Cool su cubic centimetre ess on the racing circuit "The Italian Job" to today's 21st century hip transport ...all the threads that tie the original Mini to today's updated version are here complex fascinating numerous. This is a book that will be welcomed by Mini enthusiasts and bought by motoring enthusiasts!Mini by Rob Golding considerably more details
Little Book of Mini by Brian LabanGet other BMW repair manuals hereThis is the story of an here
Radiator. Fuel System. friction clutch. gearbox. tail shafts. Rear springs and shock absorbers. Steering. Front springs and shock absorbers. Hydraulic Dampers. Braking System. Electrical Equpment. Body. Service Tools. Emmission Control.Originally published by British Leyland Motors Ltd in 1976.This Edition first printed under Licence in 1996.Part Number AKD4935/2 Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed motors can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here.. further data
Paralever swingarms. Here is the full story of all the BMW road and racing machines and the people who designed them including classic machines such as the Kompressor RS54 R69S R90S and R100RS as well as the latest R1150 and K1200.The BMW Story by Ian Falloon full details
other BMW repair manuals hereThe BMW 5 Series (E60 E61) Service Manual: 2004-2010 contains in-depth maintenance service and repair information for the BMW 5 Series from 2004 to 2010. The aim throughout has been simplicity and clarity with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and a cubic centimetre urate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual helps you understand care for and repair your BMW. discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Models covered 525i and 530i * M54 motor (2004-2005) * N52 motor (2006-2007) 528i * N52K motor (2008-2010) 535i * N54 twin turbo motor (2008-2010) 545i * N62 V8 motor (2004-2005) 550i * N62 TU V8 motor (2006-2010) Integracar aims to make available a sizeable number of repair guides. Unfortunately workshop manuals may just be created for numerous different nations and the motor cars put together for those nations. That means not all repair manuals may be applicable for your selected motor vehicle. If you have important questions whether a particular maintenance manual is suitable for your motor vehicle do not hesitate to e-mail us hereBMW 5 Series extra info
the automobiles released for those nations. That being said not all owners manuals may be best for your particular automobile. If you have any concerns whether or not a selected repair manual is eligible for your car do not hesitate to get in contact with us hereBMW Isetta Factory Repair Manual by Velocepress click on
How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles192How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles more info
market today. Each manual contains easy to follow step-by-step instructions linked to hundreds of photographs and illustrations. Included in every manual: troubleshooting section to help identify specific problems; tips that give valuable short cuts to make the job easier and eliminate the need for special tools; notes cautions and warnings for the home mechanic; color spark plug diagnosis and an easy to use index. Integracar attempts to provide you with a broad selection of service guides. Then again repair manuals can be designed for totally different countries and the motor vehicles released for those countries. Which means that not all maintenance manuals may be relevant for your specific car. If you have concerns whether a selected workshop manual is right for your vehicle do not hesitate to contact us hereBMW R850 1100 and 1150 4-valve Twins Service and Repair Manuals by Matthew Coombs link here
information. Engines Covered: * 1.6-liter SOHC 16-valve W10B16A (Mk I Cooper) * 1.6-liter SOHC 16-valve W11B16A (Mk I Cooper S) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N12 (Mk II Cooper 2010 and earlier) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N14 (Mk II Cooper S 2010 and earlier) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N16 (Mk II Cooper 2011 models) * 1.6-liter Dual Overhead Cam 16-valve N18 (Mk II Cooper S 2011 models) gearboxs described are: * Getrag GS5-65 BH/SH 5-speed manual gearbox (up to 07/2004) * Getrag GS5-52 BG (5-speed manual gearbox (after 07/2004) * Getrag GS6-85 BG/DG 6-speed manual gearbox * 5-speed continuously variable gearbox (CVT) - all Mk I automatic gearbox models except S or JCW convertibles * 6-speed Agitronic - all other automatic transmmission models * Contents: * Introduction: About this Manual; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; models except S or JCW convertibles * 6-speed Agitronic - all other automatic transmmission models * Contents: * Introduction: About this Manual; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Booster Battery (jump) starting; much more info
specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself MINI owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Models and motors covered: * Cooper: 1.6 liter normally aspirated motor * Cooper S: 1.6 liter supercharged motor Transmissions covered: * Cooper: Manual 5-speed transmission (Midlands Getrag) * Cooper: Automatic continuously variable transmission (CVT) * Cooper S: Manual 6-speed transmission (Getrag) * Cooper S: Automatic with Agitronic (Aisin) Integracar aims to render a wide variety of service manuals. Bear in mind service manuals may just be manufactured for varying nations and the motor cars manufactured for those nations. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all maintenance manuals may be desirable for your individual car. If you have any enquiries whether or not a specific service manual is good for your vehicle kindly get in contact with us hereMini Cooper Service Manual 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 by Bentley Publishers more here.....
2011 (also known as the Mk II). The aim throughout this manual has been simplicity clarity and completeness with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself MINI owner this manual will help you understand care for and repair your car. Engines covered: * N12 (2007-2010) * N14 (2007-2010) * N16 (2011) * N18 (2011) Transmissions covered: * Automatic gearbox: 6-speed AISIN (GA6F21WA) * Manual gearbox: 6-speed Getrag (GS6-55BG for Cooper GS6-53BG for Cooper S) Integracar endeavors to give you a considerable range of workshop manuals. In spite of this service manuals can possibly be developed for numerous countries and the vehicles manufactured for those nations. Which is why not all maintenance manuals may be acceptable for your individual vehicle. If you have any concerns whether a specific service manual is perfect for your automobile please e-mail us hereMini Cooper (R55 R56 R57) Service Manual: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 by Bentley Publishers come here
study of the career of one type of rally car - the BMC Mini-Cooper/Mini-Cooper S. In the 1960s the Mini became famous as Britain's most su cubic centimetre essful rally car. It combined superb handling a tiny body shell high-performance motors and the excellence of front-wheel-drive in an irresistible package. Not only this but the works team included famous drivers like Paddy Hopkirk Timo Makinen and Rauno Aaltonen. The works Minis not only won the Monte Carlo three times - 1964 1965 and 1967 - along with the European Rally Championship in 1965 but also won events all over the world. Because Minis were British and well-promoted they became seen as giant-killers and were the people's favourite for many years. The car outpaced many of its rivals and this book examines exactly who they were and how they came to be defeated by the 'mighty Mini.' Even today works Minis appear at every gathering of classic cars - and in 2009 Mini celebrates its 50th birthday. Packed with over 100 photographs this book is a fitting and timely tribute to a much-loved Rally Giant.Mini Cooper/Mini Cooper S by Graham Robson more details.....
story of how the giant-killing Minis of rallying rallycross and racing fame were converted from standard Mini-Coopers in the BMC Competitions Department. The author who spent 22 years in 'Comps' reveals the secrets of specification build technique and development of the famous Works Minis. The book includes contributions from Ginger Devlin (Cooper's Chief Mechanic) and 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson (Works Rallycross driver). Particularly famous for their great adventures in the Monte Carlo Rally works Minis humbled many bigger and more powerful cars in international motorsport during the 1960s and 1970s. Mechanic Brian Moylan spent 22 years in the workshops of the BMC Competitions Department where the works cars were built. Here all the secrets of how ordinary production line Mini-Coopers were converted into the mighty giant-killing Minis of motorsport are revealed in great detail. Minis are still hugely popular in club motorsport and Mini racing series today. The book includes contributions on the racing Mini from Ginger Devlin and the rallycross Mini from 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson.Anatomy of the Works Mini by Brian Moylen click here.....
owners will find in rebuilding or repairing their vehicle. Documenting the process in hundreds of illustrations and clear progressive instructions makes every step easy to follow with the exact order of assembly and all the specifications needed to complete the job. Integracar attempts to render a considerable selection of maintenance guides. Never the less repair manuals can be designed for different countries and the cars put together for those nations. For these reasons not all owners manuals may be ideal for your individual vehicle. If you have any questions whether or not a certain repair manual is ideal for your motor vehicle kindly make contact with us hereBMW K100 and 75 Service and Repair Manual (83-96) by Jeremy Churchill extra info
BMW by Alessandro SanniaGet other BMW repair manuals hereSince the 1960s BMW has been one of the full details
R100/7 R100RS R100RT R100GS and R100R. Integracar attempts to present a large variety of service guides. Although owners manuals may just be prepared for many kinds of nations and the motorcycles engineered for those nations. That is why not all service manuals may be relevant for your specific motorcycle. If you have any enquiries whether or not a specific repair manual is relevant for your motor bike please get in contact with us hereBMW 2-Valve Twins '70 to '96 Service Manual by Jeremy Churchill find out more.....
aero-motorering - as anyone who has ever ridden one of their bikes knows. Combining technical innovation motorering excellence to produce exceptional road handling BMW are today recognised as one of the best motorcycle manufacturers in the world; this book is a testament to that fact and to their most popular machines. From the first IR32 produced in 1923 and designed by Max Friz this book follows the most popular BMW machines right up to date. From the 1930's to post-war su cubic centimetre ess - where BMW had no plans drawings blueprints equipment and only a ruined bombed factory in 1948 - yet the next year had produced 92 000 of the 250 cubic centimetre R24 this book chronicles the continuing su cubic centimetre ess of BMW motorcycles.The F and G Series F Series R Series K series are mentioned as are the constant innovations and improvements that have kept BMW at the forefront of motorcycle riding: the first to introduce ABS for motorbikes ( the R11OORS) electronically adjusted windshields (K1OOLT) hydraulic dampened telescopic forks Telelever springs and shock absorbers systems to deliver superior traction during hard-brake situations and a host of click to go
uncomfortable and unsafe prototype and the public had to be convinced to buy a car that let in two inches of water when it rained. But somehow the Mini became an icon. Originally designed for austerity and efficiency the car soon came to represent individuality and classlessness. Today the car is still produced at Cowley - it is now owned by BMW and called the MINI. A great British manufacturing story it is more popular throughout the world than it has ever been a symbol of the age that created it. But who makes these things and what do they think more data
practical buying adviceBodywork and trim refurbishing insightRepairing electrics and mechanical partsAdvice on tuning and building modified motorsComprehensive list of yearly updates and specsDetailed information on Alpina and M3 cars. Illustrated with over 400 color and black and white photographs together with detailed diagrams. A foreword by Herbert Schnitzer President of Schnitzer Motorsport who says 'preserving and restoring the E36 generation 3-Series keeps alive a great chapter in both road going and motorsport history for BMW'. Integracar tries to furnish a significant assortment of workshop manuals. But yet repair manuals could well be put together for very different nations and the motor vehicles produced for those countries. This means not all workshop manuals may be best for your particular car. If you have any concerns whether a particular maintenance manual is desirable for your motor vehicle do not hesitate to e-mail us hereBMW 3 Series E36 Restoration Tips & Techniques by Greg Hudock click here
information for BMW X5 models from 2000 to 2006. The aim throughout has been simplicity and clarity with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether you're a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner this manual helps you understand care for and repair your BMW. The do-it-yourself BMW owner will find this manual indispensable as a source of detailed maintenance and repair information. Even if you have no intention of working on your car you will find that reading and owning this manual makes it possible to discuss repairs more intelligently with a professional technician. Models and engines: 3.0i M54 engine 6-cylinder 3.0 liter 4.4i M62 TU engine vee eight 4.4 liter 4.4i N62 engine vee eight 4.4 liter (Valvetronic) 4.6is M62 TU engine vee eight 4.6 liter 4.8is N62 engine vee eight 4.8 liter (Valvetronic) Engine management systems eight 4.6 liter 4.8is N62 engine vee eight 4.8 liter (Valvetronic) Engine management systems (Motronic): Siemens DME MS 43 Bosch DME ME 7.2 Bosch DME 9.2.1 Transmissions (remove install external service): Manual 5-speed S5D 280Z Manual 6-speed GS6-37BZ Automatic 5-speed A5S 390R information
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Repair Manual covers 3 Series models E46 chassis 1999 - 2005 and Z4 models 2003 - 2005. DOES NOT include information specific to the 318i 318ti 323is 328is Z3 M3 or Four Wheel Drive Models. Engines covered: * M52 TU B25 2494 cubic centimetre * M52 BU B28 2793 cubic centimetre * M54 B25 2494 cubic centimetre * M54 B30 2979 cubic centimetre * M56 B25 2494 cubic centimetre Contents: * Routine maintenance * routine engine tuning * motor maintenance * Cooling and heating * Air conditioning * Fuel and exhaust * Emissions control * Ignition * braking system * Suspension and steering * wirings * electrical schematics more data
improvement. It reveals the techniques the author has honed over his long career as a 'Mini doctor' and describes the necessary skills the Mini owner needs to prolong their car's good health and active life. Integracar tries to put up a considerable spectrum of owners guides. In spite of this repair manuals could well be created for specific nations and the cars delivered for those nations. Which is why not all maintenance manuals may be a cubic centimetre eptable for your selected vehicle. If you have questions whether a selected repair manual is eligible for your car kindly make contact with us hereLooking After Mini by Ted Connolly here
BMW entered existence as a business entity after having a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft engine manufacturing firm in 1917. After the end of Ww 1 in 1918, BMW was forced to cease aircraft engine production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. The company consequently shifted to motorcycle production in 1923 in the event the restrictions belonging to the treaty has become lifted, followed by automobiles in 192829.
The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is portrayed by BMW as the movement connected with an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting through the blue sky an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929, twelve years after the roundel came to be. The emblem evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, in combination with the blue and white colours of the flag of Bavaria, reversed to produce the BMW roundel. However, the fundamental cause belonging to the logo being according to the movement of a propeller is actually within dispute, according to an article posted in 2010 by the brand new York Times, quoting "At the BMW Museum in Munich, Anne Schmidt-Possiwal, explained that the blue-and-white company logo did not represent a spinning propeller, but was getting rid of show the colours of the Free State of Bavaria."
BMW's first significant aircraft engine was the BMW IIIa inline-six liquid-cooled engine of 1918, much preferred simply because of its high-altitude performance. With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe. Among its successful Wwii engine designs were the BMW 132 and BMW 801 air-cooled radial engines, along with the pioneering BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944-1945-era jet-powered "emergency fighter", the Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The BMW 003 jet engine was tested while in the A-1b version of the world's first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, but BMW engines failed on takeoff, a major setback for the jet fighter program until successful testing with Junkers engines.
By the year just passed 1959, the automotive division of BMW what food was in financial difficulties as well as a shareholders meeting was held to decide getting in touch with go into liquidation or find a method of carrying on. It was decided they would continue to in order to profit from the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany's ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel. The rights to manufacture the Italian Iso Isetta were bought; the tiny cars themselves may be powered by way of a modified form of BMW's own motorcycle engine. This has been moderately successful and helped the company get back on its feet. The controlling majority shareholder belonging to the BMW Aktiengesellschaft since 1959 may be the Quandt family, which owns about 46% belonging to the stock. The rest is set in public float.
BMW acquired the Hans Glas company based in Dingolfing, Germany, in 1966. It was reputed that the acquisition was mainly to gain access to Glas' growth and development of the timing belt with an overhead camshaft in automotive applications. Glas vehicles were briefly badged as BMW through to the company was fully absorbed.
In 1992, BMW acquired a large stake in California based industrial design studio DesignworksUSA, which they fully acquired in 1995. In 1994, BMW bought the British Rover Group (which during the time was made up of the Rover, Land Rover and MG brands amazing rights to defunct brands including Austin and Morris), and owned it for six years. By 2000, Rover was making huge losses and BMW decided to sell the combine. The MG and Rover brands were sold to the Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, while Land Rover was taken over by Ford. BMW, meanwhile, retained the rights to build the new Mini, which has been launched in 2001.
Chief designer Chris Bangle announced his departure from BMW in February 2009, after serving on design and style team for nearly seventeen years. He was replaced by Adrian van Hooydonk, Bangle's former go-to man. Bangle was known for his radical designs most notably the 2002 7-Series and also the 2002 Z4. In July 2007, the production rights for Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million euros. BMW Motorrad plans to continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as being a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese.
In 2006, the BMW group (including Mini and Rolls-Royce) produced 1,366,838 four-wheeled vehicles, which were manufactured in five countries. In 2010, it manufactured 1,481,253 four-wheeled vehicles and 112,271 motorcycles (under both the BMW and Husqvarna brands).
The BMW X3 (E83) was by means of Magna Steyr, a subsidiary of Magna of Canada, in Graz, Austria under license from BMW until 2010. Over 45.973 were produced in 2009. Starting October 2010 the brand new BMW X3 (F25) is produced in BMW's plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina, U.S.A. From September 2010, the plant is producing MINI Countryman.
It is actually reported that about 56 per cent BMW brand vehicles produced are powered by petrol engines and also the remaining 44 per cent are powered by diesel engines. Of those petrol vehicles, about 27 per cent are four cylinder models and about nine per cent are eight-cylinder models.
BMW in addition has local assembly operation using complete knock down components in Thailand, Russia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chennai, India for 3, 5, 7 series and X3.
Since 2008, motorcycle sales figures include Husqvarna models.
Motorcycles This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may perhaps be challenged and removed. (June 2008)
BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after Ww 1. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923. This was built with a "boxer" twin engine, when a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart away from their single cylinder models (basically to exactly the same pattern), a bunch of their motorcycles used this distinctive layout through to the early 1980s. Many BMWs in order to be produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.
During ww2, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a sidecar attached. Featuring a unique design copied from the Zndapp KS750, its sidecar wheel has also been motor-driven. In combination with a lockable differential, this made the passenger truck very capable off-road, an equivalent in several ways to the Jeep.
In 1982, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either 40606 cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.
Noisy 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1,170 cc that has been enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, in comparison to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. Much more powerful variants of the oilhead engines can be purchased the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 122 hp (91 kW), respectively.
In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It features an engine producing 167 hp (125 kW), derived from the company's work together with the Williams F1 team, and is also lighter than previous K models. Innovations include electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, in addition to a Hossack-type front fork that BMW calls Duolever.
BMW introduced anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting while in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the development of electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology later while in the 2007 model year.
BMW continues to be an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension millions of years before almost every other manufacturers. Then they switched with regard to an Earles fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided behind (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, called swinging arm). Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, while in the early 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.
In July 2007, the Italian-made Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million. BMW Motorrad home loan giants continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles to be a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese. Husqvarna manufactures motocross, enduro and supermoto motorcycles.
The New Class (German: Neue Klasse) had been a distinctive line of compact sedans and coupes starting with the 1962 1500 and continuing through the last 2002s in 1977. Powered by BMW's celebrated four-cylinder M10 engine, the brand new Class models featured a fully independent suspension, MacPherson struts in front, and front disc brakes. Initially a family of four-door sedans and two-door coupes, the New Class line was broadened to two-door sports sedans with the help of the 02 Series 1600 and 2002 in 1966.
Sharing little in common with all of those other line beyond power train, the sporty siblings caught auto enthusiasts' attention and established BMW as a major international brand. Precursors to the famed BMW 3 Series, the two-doors' success cemented the firm's future as an upper tier performance car maker. New Class four-doors with numbers ending in "0" were replaced by the larger BMW 5 Series in 1972. The upscale 2000C and 2000CS coupes were replaced by the six-cylinder BMW E9, introduced in 1969 aided by the 2800CS. The 1600 two-door was discontinued in 1975, the 2002 replaced by the 320i in 1975.
The 1 Series, launched in 2004, is BMW's smallest car, and is for sale in coupe/convertible (E82/E88) and hatchback (E81/E87) forms. The 3 Series, a compact executive car manufactured since model year 1975, is currently in its fifth generation (E90); models include the sport sedan (E90), station wagon (E91), coupe (E92), and convertible (E93). The 5 Series is often a mid-size executive car, easily obtainable in sedan (F10) and station wagon (F11) forms. The 5 Series Gran Turismo (F07), beginning in 2010, will create a segment between station wagons and crossover SUV.
BMW's full-size flagship executive sedan may be the 7 Series. Typically, BMW introduces many of their innovations first while in the 7 Series, just like somewhat controversial iDrive system. The 7 Series Hydrogen, featuring among the world's first hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines, is fueled by liquid hydrogen and emits only water that is clean vapor. The actual most recent generation (F01) debuted during the past year. According to the 5 Series' platform, the 6 Series is BMW's grand touring luxury sport coupe/convertible (E63/E64). A 2-seater roadster and coupe which succeeded the Z3, the Z4 (E85) has been sold since 2002.
The X3 (E83), BMW's first crossover SUV (called SAV or "Sports Activity Vehicle" by BMW) debuted in 2003 and is also according to the E46/16 3 Series platform. Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it benefits from BMW's xDrive all-wheel drive system. The all-wheel drive X5 (E70) can be a mid-size luxury SUV (SAV) sold by BMW since 2000. A 4-seat crossover SUV released by BMW in December 2007, the X6 is marketed as being a "Sports Activity Coupe" (SAC) by BMW.
A race-ready production vehicle. Since its debut, the M3 is heralded in enthusiast circles, mainly for its unique geometry and award winning engines. The brand new V8-powered platform became available the Autumn of 2007 in Europe, and second quarter of 2008 for the U.S. in coupe (E92), and later the cabriolet (E93), and sedan (E90) variants. According to the 5 Series, the M5 may be the M division's V10-powered version belonging to the E60 5 Series. The M6 may be the M division's version belonging to the 6 Series, and shares its drivetrain with the M5. The Z4 M, or M Coupe/M Roadster, could be the M division's version belonging to the Z4. The X5M may be the M division's version belonging to the X5, as well as the X6M could be the M division's version belonging to the X6. Both the X5M and X6M share the same V8 twin scroll twin turbo.
BMW continues to be engaged in motorsport activities since the dawn belonging to the first BMW motorcycle.
Man TT in 1939 BMW took over as first foreign manufacturer to win the Isle of Man TT race with Georg Meier
Dakar Rally BMW motorcycles have won the Dakar rally six times. Almost 30 years ago, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1999, and 2000.
Superbike World Championship BMW returned to premier road racing during the past year with their all new superbike, the BMW S1000RR.
BMW has a history of success in Formula One. BMW powered cars have won 20 races. In 2006 BMW took over the Sauber team and became Formula One constructors. In 2007 and 2008 the team enjoyed some success. The modern win is really a lone constructor team's victory by BMW Sauber F1 Team, on 8 June 2008, at the Canadian Grand Prix with Robert Kubica driving.
BMW was an engine supplier to Williams, Benetton, Brabham, and Arrows. Notable drivers who have started their Formula One careers with BMW include Jenson Button, Juan Pablo Montoya, Robert Kubica and Sebastian Vettel.
In July 2009, BMW announced that it would withdraw from Formula One finishing off belonging to the 2009 season. The team was sold for you to the previous owner, Peter Sauber, who kept the BMW organ of the name for the 2010 season due to issues with the Concorde Agreement. The team has since dropped BMW making use of their name starting in 2011.
Le Mans Twenty Four Hours BMW won Le Mans in 1999 with the BMW V12 LMR designed by Williams Grand Prix Engineering. Also the Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing team won the 1995 edition with a BMW-engined McLaren F1 GTR race car.
Nrburgring BMW won the 24 Hours Nrburgring 18 times along with the 1000km Nrburgring twice (1976 and 1981).
BMW announced on 15 October 2010 that it'll in order to touring car racing during the 2012 season. Dr. Klaus Draeger, who is actually within charge of the in order to DTM racing (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters), commented that The return of BMW to the DTM is usually a fundamental a section of the restructuring of our motorsport activities. That boasts of increased commitment to production car racing, BMW is returning to its roots. The race track is the best in order to demonstrate the impressive sporting characteristics of our own vehicles against our core competitors in a high-powered environment. The DTM may be the ideal stage on the amount to work on this. BMW sponsors many other sports beyond motorsport. Pricey official sponsor of the London 2012 olympics providing 4000 BMWs and Minis in a deal made in November 2009. The company also made a six-year sponsorship deal with all the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) in July 2010.
The company is really a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognises companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It can be also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow-Jones Industrial Average Sustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies. BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It really is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion engines and electric motors) hydrogen engines.
However, firms some criticisms directed at BMW, and in particular, accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 can be a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution.
BMW vehicles follow a certain nomenclature; usually a 3 digit number is followed by 1 or 2 letters. The first number represents the series number. The next two numbers traditionally represent the engine displacement in cubic centimeters divided by 100. However, more recent cars use those two numbers as a performance index, as e.g. the 116i, 118i and 120i (all 2,0L gas-powered), like the 325d and 330d (both 3,0L diesel) share exactly the same motor block while adjusting engine power through setup and turbocharging. A similar nomenclature is used by BMW Motorrad for their motorcycles.
The system of letters can be used in combination, and it is as follows:
A = automatic transmission
C = coup, last officially used on the BMW E46 and also the BMW E63 (dropped after 2005 model year)
c = cabriolet
d = diesel
e = eta (efficient economy, from the Greek letter '?')
g = compressed natural gas/CNG
h = hydrogen
i = fuel-injected
L = long wheelbase
s = sport, also means "2 dr" on E36 model
sDrive = rear wheel drive
T = touring (wagon/estate)
Ti = hatchback for the BMW 3 Series hatchback
x / xDrive = BMW xDrive all wheel drive
Annually since 1999, BMW enthusiasts have met in Santa Barbara, CA to attend Bimmerfest. Some largest brand-specific gatherings while in the U.S., over 3,000 people attended in 2006, and over 1,000 BMW cars were present. In 2007, the big event was held on 5 May.
The initials BMW are pronounced in German. The model series are recognized "Einser" ("One-er" for 1 series), "Dreier" ("Three-er" for 3 series), "Fnfer" ("Five-er" for the 5 series), "Sechser" ("Six-er" for the 6 series), "Siebener" ("Seven-er" for the 7 series). These aren't actually slang, but are the normal manner in which such letters and numbers are pronounced in German.
The English slang terms Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are variously with regard to BMWs of all types, cars, and motorcycles.
In america alone, specialists have been at pains to prescribe that a distinction must be made between using Beemer exclusively to spell it out BMW motorcycles, and going to Bimmer in order to refer to BMW cars, while in the manner of a "true aficionado" and avoid coming across "uninitiated." The Canadian Globe and Mail prefers Bimmer and calls Beemer a "yuppie abomination," while the Tacoma News Tribune says it's a distinction by means of "auto snobs." Using the wrong slang risks offending BMW enthusiasts. An editor of Business Week was satisfied in 2003 that it's a sensible was resolved simply Bimmer by noting that a Google search yielded 10 times as many hits in comparison to Beemer.
Manufacturers employ designers for their cars, but BMW has made efforts to gain recognition for exceptional contributions to and support of the arts, including art beyond motor vehicle design. These efforts typically overlap or complement BMW's marketing and branding campaigns. The headquarters building, designed in 1972 by Karl Schwanzer has developed into a European icon, and artist Gerhard Richter created his Red, Yellow, Blue a list of paintings for the building's lobby. In 1975, Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint a few of the.0CSL driven by Herv Poulain at the Twenty Four Hours of Le Mans. This led to more BMW Art Cars, painted by artists including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Roy Lichtenstein, and other people. Automobiles sold in the, currently numbering 17, are said at the Louvre, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, and, just last year, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and New York's Grand Central Terminal. BMW was the principal sponsor of the 1998 Ale the Motorcycle exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and other Guggenheim museums, though the financial relationship between BMW as well as the Guggenheim was criticised in many quarters. Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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