Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916. It also owns and produces the Mini marque, and is the parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW produces motorcycles under BMW Motorrad and Husqvarna brands. In 2010, the BMW group produced 1,481,253 automobiles and 112,271 motorcycles across all its brands.
Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program suspension plus Rack plus pinion wirings plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are revenue saving on bills for repair plus upkeep. progressive procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations plus goods like installed motors will vary. Please check which the guide may cover a model before buy plus should you want more detail please contact you here.. click
● M50 2.5 Litre plus M52 2.8 Litre motors. Please note: This guide DOES NOT cover M3 plus which these manuals are intended for petrol engine vehicles (except where diesel is particularly mentioned) built with US requirements. Inside this guide you'll find: scheduled upkeep routine engine tuning engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program steering plus suspension electric systems plus wiring diagrams. Haynes repair manuals may help save you income about bills for repair plus repair. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from simple upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. About the BMW 3 series The BMW 3 Series is a compact executive auto produced by the German automaker BMW because May 1975. Su cubic centimetre essor with Another 2.5 L engine the M52B25 was reintroduced inside 1998 yet the vehicles were available because 323 instead of 325. BMW 3-series E36 E37 plus Z3 1992-1998 Haynes repair guide NEW 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 . here
centimetre ) ● 1000 (998 cubic centimetre ) ● 1100 (1098 cubic centimetre ) ● 1275 (1275 cubic centimetre ) gearboxs Covered: ● 4 geared manual ● 4 geared automatic NOTE: Just upkeep change easy repair jobs and treatment plus installation are described for the Automatic gearbox. Contents: ● Engine ● Radiator ● Fuel System ● Clutch ● Manual gearbox (Strip Down plus Rebuild) ● Drive Shafts ● Automatic gearbox ● Rack plus pinion ● Front Suspension ● Rear Suspension ● braking system ● wiring (Plus Wiring Diagrams) ● Body ● Emission Control ● Lubrication plus Maintenance ● Wiring Diagram for Australian Mini Clubman GT ● Wiring Diagram for Australian Moke Pick-UP ● Wiring Diagram for Mini 850 Deluxe Saloon Van Pick-Up with Generator plus Toggle Switches ground clearance prepared it impractical because an off-road car. It was subsequently available inside a civilian variation because a low-cost conveniently maintained utility car. The Moke finally accomplished su cubic centimetre ess because a beach buggy—becoming a common 'cult' car inside click here.....
centimetre Please note: This guide DOES NOT cover revised range introduced October 1981. Inside this guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition brakes springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics. Haynes repair manuals could help save you funds about bills for repair plus repair. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. . About the BMW 525 The BMW E12 BMW 5-Series was produced between 1972 plus 1981. The E12 was the initially wheel of time with bear the 5 Wheel of time name: the '5' denoting BMW's fifth 'New Class' platform. Designed to be a substitution for a certain common BMW New Class mid-size “deluxe” variation. Only 1 1000 of these vehicles have been available. In your house a BMW 518 prepared currently being the 528i top model and different deluxe goods like headrests found found on the back seats. It really was rumored not wearing running boots unique adaptation was lots more
● 320i ● 325i ● 330i Diesel Models Covered: ● 318d ● 320d ● 325d ● 330d The manual DOES NOT cover: 320Si 335i 335d plus M3 or any qualities certain with the (E92) Coupe (E93) Convertible or XDrive (4 wheel drive) versions of the above mentioned. DOES NOT cover: `facelifted` MY2009 range introduced Sept 2008 inside the UK Oct 2008 inside Australia. Petrol Engines Covered: ● 318i - 2.0 Litre (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320i - 2.0 Litre (1995 cc) 6 piston ● 325i - 2.5 Litre (2497 cc) 6 piston ● 330i - 3.0 Litre (2996 cc) 6 piston Turbo Diesel Engines Covered: ● 318d - 2.0 Litre (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 320d - 2.0 Litre (1995 cc) 4 piston ● 325d - 3.0 Litre (2993 cc) 6 piston ● 330d - 3.0 Litre (2993 cc) 6 piston gearboxs described are 5 Speed plus 6 Speed Manual plus Automatic gearboxs. No overhaul or Haynes repair guide 2005-2008 Petrol plus Diesel 2006 2007 NEW . lots more
versions of the E39 Generation 5 Series Engines Covered : 2.0 litre (1991 cubic centimetre ) M52 M52TU Dual Overhead Cam 6 Cylinder Petrol. 2.2 litre (2171 cubic centimetre ) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 Cylinder Petrol. 2 point five litre (2494 cubic centimetre ) M52 M52TU M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 Cylinder Petrol. 2.8 litre (2793 cubic centimetre ) M52 M52TU Dual Overhead Cam 6 Cylinder Petrol. 3.0 litre (2979 cubic centimetre ) M54 Dual Overhead Cam 6 Cylinder Petrol. Please Note: Does NOT cover 535i 540i or M5 with vee 8 petrol motors four-stroke diesel models or new generation E60/61 5 Series range introduced 2003. Does NOT cover 3.5 litre (3498 cubic centimetre ) four.4 litre (4398 cubic centimetre ) 5.0 litre (4941 cubic centimetre ) vee 8 petrol machines or four-stroke diesel models. Inside this guide you'll find: scheduled upkeep tune-up procedures engine repair cooling Rack plus pinion box Rack plus pinion knuckles outer strut tube as well as the spring pads. The struts are positioned by an aluminium "Thrust Link" which originates from the back to satisfy the back of the wheel plus an aluminium horizontal link. The E39 uses synonymous shape with more data
qualities certain with Convertible or John Cooper 'Works' conversions. Does NOT cover unique ('Mk II') MINI introduced August 2006. With a Haynes guide that you can do it yourself…from easy upkeep with simple repairs. Haynes writes each book based about a complete teardown of the car. We understand the number one techniques with a job plus which makes it faster simpler plus cheaper for we. Our books have obvious instructions plus hundreds of photos which show every step. Whether you’re a novice or perhaps a professional you are able to conserve big with Haynes! --Step-by-step procedures --Easy-to-follow photos --Complete troubleshooting section --Valuable brief cuts --Color spark connect diagnosis Inside this manual: Basic maintenance: easy weekly checks Service a car: complete step-by-step guide Fault finding: determine certain issues easily Roadside including Australia as well as the U.S. just the Mini Cooper plus Cooper S are available considering the Mini One's engine was considered inadequate with deliver enough force with run an air conditioner — a important feature inside those markets.[Almost 50 percent of all Minis extra info
BMW repair manuals here BMW 3 Series (E30) 5 Series (E28 E34) 1983 - 1991 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the following models: ● 3 Series (E30) 316 316i 318i 320i 325i; Saloon Touring Convertible; 1596 cubic centimetre 1766 cubic centimetre 1795 cubic centimetre 1990 cubic centimetre 2494 cubic centimetre sohc petrol (not 4WD models) ● 5 Series (E28) 518 518i 525i 528i 535i M535i; Saloon; 1766 cubic centimetre 1795 cubic centimetre 2494 cubic centimetre 2788 cubic centimetre 3430 cubic centimetre sohc petrol (not 4WD models) ● 5 Series (E34) 518i 520i 525i 530i 535i; Saloon plus Touring; 1795 cubic centimetre 1990 cubic centimetre 2494 cubic centimetre 2986 cubic centimetre 3430 cubic centimetre sohc petrol (not 4WD models) motors Covered ● M10/four cylinderinder (1766 cubic centimetre ) ● M40/four cylinderinder (1596 cubic for European models and a standard H-pattern for North American models. Both automatic gearboxs were produced by ZF - you were hunting at the 3-speed 3 HP 22 which has been accessible positioned found on the M10 316 plus 318i models plus then your 4-speed 4 HP 22 was accessible out inside the 320i more advice
qualities particular with Convertible Does NOT cover Touring (Estate) Compact M3 or four-stroke diesel models; Does NOT cover E46 Range introduced Sept 1998 It refuses to cover the later M52 6-cylinder motors or four-stroke diesel motors. The motors covered by this guide are because follows: 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B16 4 cylinderinder petrol as much as 1993 model year 1.6 L (1596 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B16 4 cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M40 B18 4 cylinderinder petrol as much as 1993 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) Single Over Head Camshaft M43 B18 4 cylinderinder petrol from 1994 model year 1.8 L (1796 cubic centimetre ) DOHC M42 B18 4 cylinderinder petrol 1 point 9 L (1895 cubic centimetre ) DOHC M44 B19 4 emissions control ignition brakes springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion wirings plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals could help save you funds about bills for repair plus upkeep. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations guide we from each job from standard upkeep plus further data
Models 2003 - 2005 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers 3 Series models E46 chassis 1999 - 2005 plus Z4 models 2003 - 2005. DOES NOT include info certain with the 318i 318ti 323is 328is Z3 M3 or Four Wheel Drive Models. Engines covered: ● M52 TU B25 2494cc ● M52 BU B28 2793cc ● M54 B25 2494cc ● M54 B30 2979cc ● M56 B25 2494cc Contents: ● Routine maintenance ● routine engine tuning ● engine maintenance ● Cooling plus heating ● Air conditioning ● Fuel plus exhaust ● air pollution control ● Ignition ● Brakes ● springs plus shock absorbers plus steering ● wirings ● electric schematics Haynes repair manuals will help save you funds about bills for repair plus repair. progressive procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard repair additional E36's. The Z3 plus M Coupe have synonymous back springs plus shock absorbers setups also. BMW developed many prototype 5-door versions of the Compact model however these not entered creation. The "Touring" property furthermore started creation inside 1994 nevertheless was link here
motors Covered: ● 1.8 liter (1796 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B18" Dual Overhead Cam "Valvetronic" 4 cylinderinder ● 1 point 9 liter (1895 cubic centimetre ) "M43TU B19" OHC 4 cylinderinder ● 2.0 liter (1995 cubic centimetre ) "N42 B20" Dual Overhead Cam "Valvetronic" 4 cylinderinder ● 2.2 liter (2171 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B22" Dual Overhead Cam 6 cylinder ● 2.5 liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M52TU B25" Dual Overhead Cam 6 cylinder ● 2.5 liter (2494 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B25" Dual Overhead Cam 6 cylinder ● 2.8 liter (2793 cubic centimetre ) "M52TU B28" Dual Overhead Cam 6 cylinder ● 3.0 liter (2979 cubic centimetre ) "M54 B30" Dual Overhead Cam 6 cylinder Transmissions described: ● 5-speed manual ● 6-speed manual ● 4-speed automatic ● 5-speed automatic NOTE: Just upkeep change easy repair jobs and associated with all the 2 vehicles just shared the doorways rooftop plus torso. The outside of the M3 had wider fenders plus "M styled" bumpers side skirts mirrors a protruding bonnet spoiler plus then your hot custom of M marked grills situated found on the front fenders plus 4 exhaust pipes. link here
3HP22 3-speed automaticIn this workshop guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition braking program suspension plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are revenue saving about upkeep plus repair bills. progressive procedures plus illustrations guide we by each job from simple repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations plus products like installed machines will vary. Please check which the guide might cover the model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. here
requirement for specialized tools; notes cautions plus warnings for the house mechanic; color spark connect diagnosis plus an user friendly index. Integracar attempts with provide we a considerable selection of workshop manuals. However repair manuals might effectively be ready for countless nations as well as the engine vehicles delivered for those nations. So not all upkeep manuals can be relevant for the specific vehicle. If you have any concerns whether a certain workshop guide is best for a car please receive inside contact with you hereMini Automotive Repair Manual by Editors Haynes more data
requirements for MINI Cooper models from 2002 with 2006. The guide additionally involves coverage of the Cooper S models. The aim throughout this guide has been simplicity clearness plus completeness with useful explanations step-by-step procedures along with a cubic centimetre urate requirements. Whether you're a expert or perhaps a homemade MINI owner this guide might assist we know care for plus repair the car. Models plus motors covered: * Cooper: 1.6 liter usually aspirated engine * Cooper S: 1.6 liter supercharged engine gearboxs covered: * Cooper: Manual 5-speed gearbox (Midlands Getrag) * Cooper: Automatic constantly varying gearbox (CVT) * Cooper S: Manual 6-speed gearbox (Getrag) * Cooper S: Automatic with Agitronic (Aisin) Integracar aims with give a broad range of service manuals. Remember service manuals can really be produced for differing countries as well as the engine vehicles produced for those countries. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all upkeep manuals can be desirable for a individual vehicle. If you have any enquiries whether a certain service guide is superior for a car kindly receive inside contact with you hereMini Cooper Service Manual 2002 click
Combining technical innovation motorering quality with make exceptional road handling BMW are now recognised because among the right motorcycle producers inside the world; this book is a testament to this truth plus with their most well known machines. From the first IR32 yielded inside 1923 plus crafted by Max Friz this book follows the most well known BMW machines right up-to-date. From the 1930's with post-war su cubic centimetre ess - where BMW had no plans drawings blueprints equipment plus just a wrecked bombed factory inside 1948 - yet the upcoming year had yielded 92 000 of the 250 cubic centimetre R24 this book chronicles the continuing su cubic centimetre ess of BMW motorcycles.The F plus G Series F Series R Series K series are said because are the continual innovations plus improvements which have kept BMW at the forefront of motorcycle riding: the initially with introduce ABS for motorbikes ( the R11OORS) electronically modified windshields (K1OOLT) hydraulic dampened telescopic forks Telelever suspension systems with deliver superior traction throughout hard-brake instances along with a host of additional improvements today extra
create accessible a considerable selection of servicing guides. Never the less repair manuals is introduced for dissimilar nations as well as the engine auto developed for those nations. Then not all workshop manuals can be right for a certain engine car. If you have enquiries whether a certain upkeep guide is superior for the car please create contact with you hereBMW 3 plus 5 Series Automotive Repair Manual by Larry Warren click here.....
Z3 Service Manual: 1996-2002 is a comprehensive source of service info plus technical requirements accessible for the BMW Z3 Roadster plus Coupe up by the 2002 model year. New durable hardcover formatting - This BMW guide is today being published because a durable long-lasting hardcover book crafted with withstand years of utilize inside a expert store or house garage. Though the homemade BMW owner might discover this manual indispensable because a source of detailed repair plus repair info the BMW owner that has no intention of functioning about their automobile might discover that reading plus having this manual makes it potential with discuss repairs more intelligently with a expert technician. Integracar endeavors to provide a considerable selection of repair guides. Conversely owners manuals could occasionally be produced for certain countries as well as the engine vehicles tailored for those countries. Fot which cause not all upkeep manuals can be right for the particular car. Should you have issues whether a chosen workshop guide is appropriate for a vehicle feel free with contact you hereBMW Z3 Service Manual 1996-2002 by Bentley Publishers related info
How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles192How with Master Airbrush Painting Tips by JoAnn Bortles click on
instructions regarding repairs this book is uniquely invaluable for owners that want to try their hand at their own upkeep incredibly those whom can earlier have been prevented from doing this with a shortage of technical knowledge or certain knowledge. Integracar attempts with give a significant selection of upkeep manuals. All the same owners manuals will occasionally be built for surprisingly different nations as well as the cars introduced for those countries. For these factors not all service manuals can be acceptable for the certain engine car. If you have issues whether a certain repair guide is worthy for a engine car please create contact with you hereBMW E30-3 Series Restoration Bible by Andrew Everett more information.....
manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification could exist between models available inside different nations plus goods like installed motors may vary. Please check which the guide usually cover the model before buy plus should you want more detail please contact you here.. further data
hereWith a Haynes guide that you can do it oneself...from easy repair with simple repairs. Haynes writes each book based about a complete teardown of the car. We discover the greatest techniques with a job plus which makes it faster simpler plus cheaper for we. Our books have well-defined instructions plus hundreds of photos which show every step. Whether you're a novice or perhaps a professional you are able to protect big with Haynes! Integracar endeavors with place up a significant variety of service manuals. Remember workshop manuals might only be developed for different countries as well as the vehicles introduced for those nations. That means not all service manuals can be appropriate for the chosen car. Should you have issues whether a individual repair guide is worthy for the car never hesitate with email you hereBMW 3-Series Automotive Repair Manual by Editors of Haynes click
include detailed info about restoring bodywork chassis engine plus trim. Includes creation changes color schemes plus history. Integracar attempts with give a broad range of owners guides. However upkeep manuals is yielded for different countries as well as the vehicles produced for those nations. Due for this fact not all owners manuals can be ideal suited for the individual car. Should you have enquiries whether a particular owners manual is best for the vehicle kindly receive inside contact with you hereBMW '02 Restoration Guidebook by Mike Macartney extra info
release inside the 50's as much as the revised BMW variation nowadays. Through the Swinging Sixties because the epitome of Cool su cubic centimetre ess found on the racing circuit "The Italian Job" with today's 21st century stylish transport ...all threads which tie the authentic Mini with today's up-to-date adaptation are here complex fascinating many. This really is a book which is welcomed by Mini fanatics plus purchased by motoring fanatics!Mini by Rob Golding extra info
an extra 178 page Australian supplement.Contents: General Data. Tuning Data. Ignition Equipment. Cooling System. Fuel System. friction clutch. Transmission. tail shafts. Rear springs plus shock absorbers. Rack plus pinion. Front springs plus shock absorbers. Hydraulic Dampers. Braking System. Electrical Equpment. Body. Service Tools. Emmission Control.Originally published by British Leyland Motors Ltd inside 1976.This Edition initial printed below Licence inside 1996.Part Number AKD4935/2 Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations plus goods including installed machines may vary. Please check which the guide might cover the model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. related info
yielded for differing countries as well as the vehicles introduced for those countries. That being mentioned not all owners manuals can be right for the specific vehicle. If you have any concerns whether a chosen repair guide is qualified for the car never hesitate with receive inside contact with you hereBMW Isetta Factory Repair Manual by Velocepress click here
however constantly from the average plus colourful. From the popular Mini Marcos plus Unipower GT which even raced at Le Mans with the unknown however at smallest because exciting Coldwell GT or Sarcon Scarab virtually 60 vehicles are completely researched described plus photographed. Many of the folks initially concerned with designing plus building them were interviewed plus certain vehicles which were considered extended gone were found throughout the researching of the book. Others weren't however nevertheless prepared it inside because aged information came with light. Of the over 500 photos inside this book many have not been watched inside print before. Simply like the enthusiasm required with build the vehicles described this book has been created with a true passion.Maximum Mini by Jeroen Booij lots more
this guide usually assist we know care for plus repair the car. Though the homemade 3 Series owner may discover this manual indispensable because a source of detailed upkeep plus repair info the owner that has no intention of functioning about their automobile may discover that reading plus having this manual makes it potential with discuss repairs more intelligently with a specialist technician. BMW E46 models plus motors covered inside this repair manual: * 323i/Ci (M52 TU 2 point five liter motor) * 328i/Ci (M52 TU 2.8 liter motor) * 325i/Ci/xi (M54 / M56 2 point five liter motor) * 330i/Cis/xi (M54 3.0 liter motor) * M3 (S54 3.2 liter Motorsport motor) Integracar tries with give a considerable range of repair manuals. But repair manuals will only be ready for many different countries as well as the vehicles yielded for those countries. That is why not all repair manuals can be right suited for the certain car. If you have issues whether a individual repair guide is ideal for the engine car never hesitate with receive inside contact with you hereBMW 3 Series (E46) Service Manual 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 by Bentley Publishers considerably more details
ought to work. Save time and cash by doing it oneself with all the self-confidence just a Chilton Repair Manual could offer. Integracar aims with offer a big spectrum of owners guides. All the same repair manuals will maybe be built for rather different nations as well as the vehicles motorered for those countries. Consequently not all repair manuals can be efficient for the certain vehicle. If you have questions whether a chosen repair guide is a cubic centimetre urate for a car never hesitate with contact you hereChilton BMW 3-series/M3/Z3 by Benjamin E. Greisler more advice
(M10 1.8 liter motor) * 325/e/es (M20 2.7 liter motor) * 325/i/is/Convertible (M20 2.5 liter motor) BMW E30 gearboxs covered inside this BMW repair manual: * Getrag 240 (4-cylinder cars) * Getrag 260 (6-cylinder cars) Integracar endeavors with place up a broad spectrum of workshop guides. Even thus repair manuals is built for a range of countries as well as the engine engine automobile built for those countries. That is why not all service manuals can be installing for the certain auto. If you have concerns whether a certain owners guide is appropriate for the vehicle please receive inside touch with you hereBMW 3 Series Service Manual 1984-1990 (E30) by Bentley Publishers considerably more details
* 3.0i M54 engine 6-cylinder 3.0 liter * four.4i M62 TU engine V8 four.4 liter * four.4i N62 engine V8 four.4 liter (Valvetronic) * four.6is M62 TU engine V8 four.6 liter * four.8is N62 engine V8 four.8 liter (Valvetronic) Transmissions (eliminate install external service): * Manual 5-speed S5D 280Z * Manual 6-speed GS6-37BZ * Automatic 5-speed A5S 390R * Automatic 5-speed A5S 440Z * Automatic 6-speed GA6HP26Z Integracar endeavors with furnish a immense range of service manuals. However workshop manuals is produced for distinctive countries as well as the engine vehicle built for those countries. For these factors not all service manuals can be relevant for the chosen vehicle. Should you have any concerns whether a particular service guide is ideal for a car please create contact with you hereBMW X5 Service Manual 2000-2006 (E53) by Bentley Publishers additional info.....
Autocross plus found on the street the brand-new MINI has developed an intense following amidst driving plus automotive shape fanatics.This book is made with take we by the possibilities for performance updates including step-by-step procedures for prevalent updates including shocks plus springs brakes friction clutch plus flywheel turbo substitution supercharger pulley substitution intake exhaust plus even installing a limited slip differential.In addition illustration vehicles are presented which show how numerous performance modifications come together with create a vehicle which is well-balanced plus fun with drive. Whether you're prepping the MINI for the street or for competition this book covers everything by utilizing real-world examples plus detailed training with color photography throughout. Integracar attempts with have a big range of upkeep guides. On the alternative hand repair manuals can effectively be ready for a amount of nations as well as the engine vehicles crafted for those countries. So not all repair manuals can be appropriate for a particular vehicle. Should you have concerns whether a chosen repair guide is qualified for a car find out more.....
plus expert technicians might appreciate the standard of photos plus illustrations theory of procedure along with a cubic centimetre urate step-by-step instructions. If you are searching for greater learning of the BMW look no further than Bentley.Even in the event you never repair your car knowledge of its internal workings can enable we whenever discussing repairs plus repair with the expert automotive technician.Features: -- Complete repair procedures: brake fluid changes with resetting service signal -- engine plus cylinder head service -- Camshaft timing chain setup plus change -- Driveability problems: DME M1.7 M3.1 M3.3.1 ME5.2 OBD OBD II -- Theory of procedure repair information: DISA (Dual Resonance Intake System) plus VANOS (Variable Camshaft Timing) -- Drivetrain maintenance: hydraulic friction clutch gearshift linkage driveshaft -- Heating plus air conditioner engine car. If you have any significant concerns whether a individual service guide is qualified for the car feel free with create contact with you hereBMW 3 Series (E36) Service Manual 1992-98 by Bentley Publishers click here.....
alternative BMW repair manuals hereThe MINI Cooper Cooper S Clubman (R55 R56 R57) 2007-2011 Service Manual is a comprehensive source of service info plus requirements for MINI Cooper models from 2007 with 2011 (sometimes known because the Mk II). The aim throughout this guide has been simplicity quality plus completeness with useful explanations step-by-step procedures plus exact requirements. Whether you're a pro or perhaps a homemade MINI owner this guide may assist we know care for plus repair the car. motors covered: * N12 (2007-2010) * N14 (2007-2010) * N16 (2011) * N18 (2011) Transmissions covered: * Automatic gearbox: 6-speed AISIN (GA6F21WA) * Manual gearbox: 6-speed Getrag (GS6-55BG for Cooper GS6-53BG for Cooper S) Integracar endeavors with provide we a considerable range of workshop manuals. In spite of the service manuals may maybe be developed for many nations as well as the engine vehicle produced for those countries. Which is why not all repair manuals can be acceptable for a individual car. Should you have any concerns whether a particular service guide is ideal for a vehicle please email you hereMini Cooper (R55 R56 R57) Service Manual: click here.....
comprehensive plus lavishly illustrated history full of never-before-seen testimony from those associated with all the vehicle throughout its 41 years inside creation. A big structure plus lively shape complete the package generating this the conclusive history of the conclusive little vehicle.Mini by Jon Pressnell link here
inside hundreds of illustrations plus obvious progressive instructions makes each step simple to adhere to with all the actual purchase of assembly plus all requirements required with complete the job. Integracar tries with give a considerable selection of upkeep guides. Never the less repair manuals is tailored for different nations as well as the vehicles place together for those countries. For these factors not all owners manuals can be perfect for the individual car. If you have any issues whether a certain repair guide is best for a engine car kindly create contact with you hereBMW K100 plus 75 Service plus Repair Manual (83-96) by Jeremy Churchill more.....
manuals hereTotal Car Care is the many complete step-by-step automotive repair guide you'll ever employ. All repair procedures are supported by detailed requirements exploded views plus pictures. From the easiest repair process with the many complex trust Chilton's Total Car Care with provide we everything you ought to work. Save time and cash by doing it oneself with all the self-confidence just a Chilton Repair Manual may supply. Integracar endeavors with provide we a big assortment of owners guides. Never the less repair manuals could merely be developed for many nations as well as the cars crafted for those nations. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all repair manuals can be ideal suited for a particular car. If you have any significant issues whether a certain repair guide is qualified for the vehicle feel free with contact you hereChilton BMW Saloons plus Coupes (1970-84) by Chilton Automotive Books more here.....
the 1960s the Mini became well-known because Britain's many lucrative rally vehicle. It combined good handling a tiny body shell high-performance machines as well as the quality of front-wheel-drive inside an irresistible package. Not just this nevertheless the functions team included well-known motorists like Paddy Hopkirk Timo Makinen plus Rauno Aaltonen. The functions Minis not merely claimed the Monte Carlo 3 instances - 1964 1965 plus 1967 - together with the European Rally Championship inside 1965 and earned occasions all over the globe. Because Minis were British plus well-promoted they became enjoyed because giant-killers plus were the people's favourite for years. The vehicle outpaced countless of its rivals plus this book examines precisely whom they were and just how they came with be defeated by the 'mighty Mini.' Even now functions Minis appear at each gathering of classic vehicles - plus inside 2009 Mini celebrates its 50th birthday. Packed with over 100 photos this book is a installing plus timely tribute with a much-loved Rally Giant.Mini Cooper/Mini Cooper S by Graham Robson lots more
renovation plus improvement. It reveals the techniques the writer has honed over his extended job because a 'Mini doctor' plus describes the required abilities the Mini owner must prolong their car's superior wellness plus active existence. Integracar attempts with place up a considerable spectrum of owners guides. In spite of the repair manuals might effectively be built for certain countries as well as the vehicles delivered for those countries. Which is why not all upkeep manuals can be acceptable for the chosen car. If you have issues whether a chosen repair guide is qualified for the car kindly create contact with you hereLooking After Mini by Ted Connolly extra
of the distinguished Works Minis. The book involves contributions from Ginger Devlin (Cooper's Chief Mechanic) plus 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson (Works Rallycross driver). Especially well-known for their ideal adventures inside the Monte Carlo Rally functions Minis humbled various bigger plus more effective vehicles inside global motorsport throughout the 1960s plus 1970s. Mechanic Brian Moylan invested 22 years inside the workshops of the BMC Competitions Department where the functions vehicles were built. Below all of the tips of how average manufacturing line Mini-Coopers were converted into the mighty giant-killing Minis of motorsport are revealed inside ideal detail. Minis continue to be hugely common inside club motorsport plus Mini racing series now. The book involves contributions found on the racing Mini from Ginger Devlin as well as the rallycross Mini from 'Jumping Jeff' Williamson.Anatomy of the Works Mini by Brian Moylen further data
Litre (2494 cubic centimetre ).Covers main mechanical highlights of Convertible.Please note: This guide Does NOT cover 325i X or revised range introduced Sep 1987.In this workshop guide you'll find: scheduled upkeep tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program suspension plus Rack plus pinion wirings plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals may help save you cash about upkeep plus repair bills. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations guide we by each job from simple upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification will exist between models available inside different nations plus products including installed motors could vary. Please check which the guide might cover the model before buy plus in the event you want more detail please contact you here.. more info
ot the 1920s plus 1930s the telescopic then Earles fork wind-tunnel-developed fairings anti-lock brakes plus Paralever swingarms. Below is the full story of all of the BMW road plus racing machines as well as the individuals that tailored them including classic machines including the Kompressor RS54 R69S R90S plus R100RS and also the newest R1150 plus K1200.The BMW Story by Ian Falloon more.....
plus instructions create this the book for improving the car body plus interiors offering fresh lifetime with mechanical plus electric components and improved performance plus appearance. Covers all models including Mini Cooper. Strongly suggested. For those whom love Minis or are thinking regarding obtaining. Integracar endeavors with offer a wide variety of servicing manuals. On the different hand workshop manuals can only be tailored for different nations as well as the vehicles produced for those countries. A cubic centimetre ordingly not all repair manuals can be appropriate for a specific car. Should you have enquiries whether a individual owners guide is right for a car feel free with email you hereMini Restoration Manual by Lindsay Porter full details
R100/7 R100RS R100RT R100GS plus R100R. Integracar tries with present a big range of service guides. Although owners manuals will merely be ready for various types of countries as well as the motorcycles designed for those countries. That is why not all service manuals can be relevant for a certain motorcycle. If you have any enquiries whether a certain repair guide is relevant for the engine bicycle please receive inside contact with you hereBMW 2-Valve Twins '70 with '96 Service Manual by Jeremy Churchill extra info
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BMW entered existence as a business entity after having a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft engine manufacturing firm in 1917. After the end of Ww 1 in 1918, BMW was forced to cease aircraft engine production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. The company consequently shifted to motorcycle production in 1923 in the event the restrictions belonging to the treaty has become lifted, followed by automobiles in 192829.
The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is portrayed by BMW as the movement connected with an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting through the blue sky an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929, twelve years after the roundel came to be. The emblem evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, in combination with the blue and white colours of the flag of Bavaria, reversed to produce the BMW roundel. However, the fundamental cause belonging to the logo being according to the movement of a propeller is actually within dispute, according to an article posted in 2010 by the brand new York Times, quoting "At the BMW Museum in Munich, Anne Schmidt-Possiwal, explained that the blue-and-white company logo did not represent a spinning propeller, but was getting rid of show the colours of the Free State of Bavaria."
BMW's first significant aircraft engine was the BMW IIIa inline-six liquid-cooled engine of 1918, much preferred simply because of its high-altitude performance. With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe. Among its successful Wwii engine designs were the BMW 132 and BMW 801 air-cooled radial engines, along with the pioneering BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944-1945-era jet-powered "emergency fighter", the Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The BMW 003 jet engine was tested while in the A-1b version of the world's first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, but BMW engines failed on takeoff, a major setback for the jet fighter program until successful testing with Junkers engines.
By the year just passed 1959, the automotive division of BMW what food was in financial difficulties as well as a shareholders meeting was held to decide getting in touch with go into liquidation or find a method of carrying on. It was decided they would continue to in order to profit from the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany's ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel. The rights to manufacture the Italian Iso Isetta were bought; the tiny cars themselves may be powered by way of a modified form of BMW's own motorcycle engine. This has been moderately successful and helped the company get back on its feet. The controlling majority shareholder belonging to the BMW Aktiengesellschaft since 1959 may be the Quandt family, which owns about 46% belonging to the stock. The rest is set in public float.
BMW acquired the Hans Glas company based in Dingolfing, Germany, in 1966. It was reputed that the acquisition was mainly to gain access to Glas' growth and development of the timing belt with an overhead camshaft in automotive applications. Glas vehicles were briefly badged as BMW through to the company was fully absorbed.
In 1992, BMW acquired a large stake in California based industrial design studio DesignworksUSA, which they fully acquired in 1995. In 1994, BMW bought the British Rover Group (which during the time was made up of the Rover, Land Rover and MG brands amazing rights to defunct brands including Austin and Morris), and owned it for six years. By 2000, Rover was making huge losses and BMW decided to sell the combine. The MG and Rover brands were sold to the Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, while Land Rover was taken over by Ford. BMW, meanwhile, retained the rights to build the new Mini, which has been launched in 2001.
Chief designer Chris Bangle announced his departure from BMW in February 2009, after serving on design and style team for nearly seventeen years. He was replaced by Adrian van Hooydonk, Bangle's former go-to man. Bangle was known for his radical designs most notably the 2002 7-Series and also the 2002 Z4. In July 2007, the production rights for Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million euros. BMW Motorrad plans to continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as being a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese.
In 2006, the BMW group (including Mini and Rolls-Royce) produced 1,366,838 four-wheeled vehicles, which were manufactured in five countries. In 2010, it manufactured 1,481,253 four-wheeled vehicles and 112,271 motorcycles (under both the BMW and Husqvarna brands).
The BMW X3 (E83) was by means of Magna Steyr, a subsidiary of Magna of Canada, in Graz, Austria under license from BMW until 2010. Over 45.973 were produced in 2009. Starting October 2010 the brand new BMW X3 (F25) is produced in BMW's plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina, U.S.A. From September 2010, the plant is producing MINI Countryman.
It is actually reported that about 56 per cent BMW brand vehicles produced are powered by petrol engines and also the remaining 44 per cent are powered by diesel engines. Of those petrol vehicles, about 27 per cent are four cylinder models and about nine per cent are eight-cylinder models.
BMW in addition has local assembly operation using complete knock down components in Thailand, Russia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Chennai, India for 3, 5, 7 series and X3.
Since 2008, motorcycle sales figures include Husqvarna models.
Motorcycles This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may perhaps be challenged and removed. (June 2008)
BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after Ww 1. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923. This was built with a "boxer" twin engine, when a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart away from their single cylinder models (basically to exactly the same pattern), a bunch of their motorcycles used this distinctive layout through to the early 1980s. Many BMWs in order to be produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.
During ww2, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a sidecar attached. Featuring a unique design copied from the Zndapp KS750, its sidecar wheel has also been motor-driven. In combination with a lockable differential, this made the passenger truck very capable off-road, an equivalent in several ways to the Jeep.
In 1982, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either 40606 cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.
Noisy 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1,170 cc that has been enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, in comparison to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. Much more powerful variants of the oilhead engines can be purchased the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 122 hp (91 kW), respectively.
In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It features an engine producing 167 hp (125 kW), derived from the company's work together with the Williams F1 team, and is also lighter than previous K models. Innovations include electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, in addition to a Hossack-type front fork that BMW calls Duolever.
BMW introduced anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting while in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the development of electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology later while in the 2007 model year.
BMW continues to be an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension millions of years before almost every other manufacturers. Then they switched with regard to an Earles fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided behind (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, called swinging arm). Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, while in the early 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.
In July 2007, the Italian-made Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million. BMW Motorrad home loan giants continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles to be a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, and current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese. Husqvarna manufactures motocross, enduro and supermoto motorcycles.
The New Class (German: Neue Klasse) had been a distinctive line of compact sedans and coupes starting with the 1962 1500 and continuing through the last 2002s in 1977. Powered by BMW's celebrated four-cylinder M10 engine, the brand new Class models featured a fully independent suspension, MacPherson struts in front, and front disc brakes. Initially a family of four-door sedans and two-door coupes, the New Class line was broadened to two-door sports sedans with the help of the 02 Series 1600 and 2002 in 1966.
Sharing little in common with all of those other line beyond power train, the sporty siblings caught auto enthusiasts' attention and established BMW as a major international brand. Precursors to the famed BMW 3 Series, the two-doors' success cemented the firm's future as an upper tier performance car maker. New Class four-doors with numbers ending in "0" were replaced by the larger BMW 5 Series in 1972. The upscale 2000C and 2000CS coupes were replaced by the six-cylinder BMW E9, introduced in 1969 aided by the 2800CS. The 1600 two-door was discontinued in 1975, the 2002 replaced by the 320i in 1975.
The 1 Series, launched in 2004, is BMW's smallest car, and is for sale in coupe/convertible (E82/E88) and hatchback (E81/E87) forms. The 3 Series, a compact executive car manufactured since model year 1975, is currently in its fifth generation (E90); models include the sport sedan (E90), station wagon (E91), coupe (E92), and convertible (E93). The 5 Series is often a mid-size executive car, easily obtainable in sedan (F10) and station wagon (F11) forms. The 5 Series Gran Turismo (F07), beginning in 2010, will create a segment between station wagons and crossover SUV.
BMW's full-size flagship executive sedan may be the 7 Series. Typically, BMW introduces many of their innovations first while in the 7 Series, just like somewhat controversial iDrive system. The 7 Series Hydrogen, featuring among the world's first hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines, is fueled by liquid hydrogen and emits only water that is clean vapor. The actual most recent generation (F01) debuted during the past year. According to the 5 Series' platform, the 6 Series is BMW's grand touring luxury sport coupe/convertible (E63/E64). A 2-seater roadster and coupe which succeeded the Z3, the Z4 (E85) has been sold since 2002.
The X3 (E83), BMW's first crossover SUV (called SAV or "Sports Activity Vehicle" by BMW) debuted in 2003 and is also according to the E46/16 3 Series platform. Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it benefits from BMW's xDrive all-wheel drive system. The all-wheel drive X5 (E70) can be a mid-size luxury SUV (SAV) sold by BMW since 2000. A 4-seat crossover SUV released by BMW in December 2007, the X6 is marketed as being a "Sports Activity Coupe" (SAC) by BMW.
A race-ready production vehicle. Since its debut, the M3 is heralded in enthusiast circles, mainly for its unique geometry and award winning engines. The brand new V8-powered platform became available the Autumn of 2007 in Europe, and second quarter of 2008 for the U.S. in coupe (E92), and later the cabriolet (E93), and sedan (E90) variants. According to the 5 Series, the M5 may be the M division's V10-powered version belonging to the E60 5 Series. The M6 may be the M division's version belonging to the 6 Series, and shares its drivetrain with the M5. The Z4 M, or M Coupe/M Roadster, could be the M division's version belonging to the Z4. The X5M may be the M division's version belonging to the X5, as well as the X6M could be the M division's version belonging to the X6. Both the X5M and X6M share the same V8 twin scroll twin turbo.
BMW continues to be engaged in motorsport activities since the dawn belonging to the first BMW motorcycle.
Man TT in 1939 BMW took over as first foreign manufacturer to win the Isle of Man TT race with Georg Meier
Dakar Rally BMW motorcycles have won the Dakar rally six times. Almost 30 years ago, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1999, and 2000.
Superbike World Championship BMW returned to premier road racing during the past year with their all new superbike, the BMW S1000RR.
BMW has a history of success in Formula One. BMW powered cars have won 20 races. In 2006 BMW took over the Sauber team and became Formula One constructors. In 2007 and 2008 the team enjoyed some success. The modern win is really a lone constructor team's victory by BMW Sauber F1 Team, on 8 June 2008, at the Canadian Grand Prix with Robert Kubica driving.
BMW was an engine supplier to Williams, Benetton, Brabham, and Arrows. Notable drivers who have started their Formula One careers with BMW include Jenson Button, Juan Pablo Montoya, Robert Kubica and Sebastian Vettel.
In July 2009, BMW announced that it would withdraw from Formula One finishing off belonging to the 2009 season. The team was sold for you to the previous owner, Peter Sauber, who kept the BMW organ of the name for the 2010 season due to issues with the Concorde Agreement. The team has since dropped BMW making use of their name starting in 2011.
Le Mans Twenty Four Hours BMW won Le Mans in 1999 with the BMW V12 LMR designed by Williams Grand Prix Engineering. Also the Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing team won the 1995 edition with a BMW-engined McLaren F1 GTR race car.
Nrburgring BMW won the 24 Hours Nrburgring 18 times along with the 1000km Nrburgring twice (1976 and 1981).
BMW announced on 15 October 2010 that it'll in order to touring car racing during the 2012 season. Dr. Klaus Draeger, who is actually within charge of the in order to DTM racing (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters), commented that The return of BMW to the DTM is usually a fundamental a section of the restructuring of our motorsport activities. That boasts of increased commitment to production car racing, BMW is returning to its roots. The race track is the best in order to demonstrate the impressive sporting characteristics of our own vehicles against our core competitors in a high-powered environment. The DTM may be the ideal stage on the amount to work on this. BMW sponsors many other sports beyond motorsport. Pricey official sponsor of the London 2012 olympics providing 4000 BMWs and Minis in a deal made in November 2009. The company also made a six-year sponsorship deal with all the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) in July 2010.
The company is really a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognises companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It can be also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow-Jones Industrial Average Sustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies. BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It really is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion engines and electric motors) hydrogen engines.
However, firms some criticisms directed at BMW, and in particular, accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 can be a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution.
BMW vehicles follow a certain nomenclature; usually a 3 digit number is followed by 1 or 2 letters. The first number represents the series number. The next two numbers traditionally represent the engine displacement in cubic centimeters divided by 100. However, more recent cars use those two numbers as a performance index, as e.g. the 116i, 118i and 120i (all 2,0L gas-powered), like the 325d and 330d (both 3,0L diesel) share exactly the same motor block while adjusting engine power through setup and turbocharging. A similar nomenclature is used by BMW Motorrad for their motorcycles.
The system of letters can be used in combination, and it is as follows:
A = automatic transmission
C = coup, last officially used on the BMW E46 and also the BMW E63 (dropped after 2005 model year)
c = cabriolet
d = diesel
e = eta (efficient economy, from the Greek letter '?')
g = compressed natural gas/CNG
h = hydrogen
i = fuel-injected
L = long wheelbase
s = sport, also means "2 dr" on E36 model
sDrive = rear wheel drive
T = touring (wagon/estate)
Ti = hatchback for the BMW 3 Series hatchback
x / xDrive = BMW xDrive all wheel drive
Annually since 1999, BMW enthusiasts have met in Santa Barbara, CA to attend Bimmerfest. Some largest brand-specific gatherings while in the U.S., over 3,000 people attended in 2006, and over 1,000 BMW cars were present. In 2007, the big event was held on 5 May.
The initials BMW are pronounced in German. The model series are recognized "Einser" ("One-er" for 1 series), "Dreier" ("Three-er" for 3 series), "Fnfer" ("Five-er" for the 5 series), "Sechser" ("Six-er" for the 6 series), "Siebener" ("Seven-er" for the 7 series). These aren't actually slang, but are the normal manner in which such letters and numbers are pronounced in German.
The English slang terms Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are variously with regard to BMWs of all types, cars, and motorcycles.
In america alone, specialists have been at pains to prescribe that a distinction must be made between using Beemer exclusively to spell it out BMW motorcycles, and going to Bimmer in order to refer to BMW cars, while in the manner of a "true aficionado" and avoid coming across "uninitiated." The Canadian Globe and Mail prefers Bimmer and calls Beemer a "yuppie abomination," while the Tacoma News Tribune says it's a distinction by means of "auto snobs." Using the wrong slang risks offending BMW enthusiasts. An editor of Business Week was satisfied in 2003 that it's a sensible was resolved simply Bimmer by noting that a Google search yielded 10 times as many hits in comparison to Beemer.
Manufacturers employ designers for their cars, but BMW has made efforts to gain recognition for exceptional contributions to and support of the arts, including art beyond motor vehicle design. These efforts typically overlap or complement BMW's marketing and branding campaigns. The headquarters building, designed in 1972 by Karl Schwanzer has developed into a European icon, and artist Gerhard Richter created his Red, Yellow, Blue a list of paintings for the building's lobby. In 1975, Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint a few of the.0CSL driven by Herv Poulain at the Twenty Four Hours of Le Mans. This led to more BMW Art Cars, painted by artists including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Roy Lichtenstein, and other people. Automobiles sold in the, currently numbering 17, are said at the Louvre, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, and, just last year, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and New York's Grand Central Terminal. BMW was the principal sponsor of the 1998 Ale the Motorcycle exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and other Guggenheim museums, though the financial relationship between BMW as well as the Guggenheim was criticised in many quarters. Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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