Volvo vehicle Company, or Volvo Personvagnar AB, is a Swedish automobile manufacturer started in 1927, in Sweden, Gothenburg. It is purchased by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group. Volvo was originally formed as a subsidiary company to the ball bearing maker SKF. After Volvo AB was introduced regarding the Swedish stock exchange in 1935, SKF sold most of the shares in the company. Volvo Automobiles was owned by AB Volvo until 1999, when it was acquired by the Ford Motor Company as part of its Premier Automotive Group. Geely Holding Group then acquired Volvo from Ford in 2010.
) 5-piston DOHC 20-valve turbocharged B5234 S 2.3-litre (2319 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston DOHC 20-valve usually aspirated B5234 T 2.3-litre (2319 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston DOHC 20-valve turbocharged B5252 S or B5242 S 2 point five-litre (2435 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston DOHC 10-valve usually aspirated B5254 S or B5244 S 2 point five-litre (2435 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston DOHC 20-valve usually aspirated B5254 T or B5244 T 2 point five-litre (2435 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston DOHC 20-valve turbocharged Does NOT cover Diesel bi-fuel models or four-wheel-drive (AWD) program.In this workshop guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning engine repair cooling plus heating airconditioner upkeep gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program steering plus suspension electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service plus heating airconditioner upkeep gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program steering plus suspension electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are funds saving about upkeep plus repair bills. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations click here.....
Volvo 240 Series 1974 - 1993 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Volvo 240 Series Saloons Estates (plus 242 GTmodels) built from 1974 with 1993 plus fitted with 1986 cubic centimetre 2127 cubic centimetre 2316 cubic centimetre OHC petrol machines.Does NOT cover OHV motors.Does NOT cover Diesel models. Engines covered are: B200 2-liter (1986 cubic centimetre ) OHC inline 4-piston petrol B21A B21E B21F 2.1-liter (2127 cubic centimetre ) OHC inline 4-piston petrol B21FT 2.1-liter (2127 cubic centimetre ) turbocharged OHC inline 4-piston petrol B23F plus B230 2.3-liter (2316 cubic centimetre ) OHC inline 4-piston petrol Transmissions described are: M40 plus M45 4 geared manual M41 plus M46 4 geared guide with overdrive M47 5-speed manual Borg Warner 35 (early models) plus 55 3-speed automatic Aisan Warner 70 plus 71 4 geared automatic Inside this guide you'll find: restyled – which being the many apparent change of that created the 210 Series distinguishable within the earlier 140 plus 160 Series. Other than all changes revealed above the 220 Series was virtually identical with the 140 plus 160 Series within the bulkhead with the back end. The more.....
"B4184S" Dual Overhead Cam 1.8 L (1783 cubic centimetre ) "B4184S2/3" Dual Overhead Cam with varying valve timing 1.8 L (1834 cubic centimetre ) "B4184SM" "B4184SJ" Mitsubishi-designed Dual Overhead Cam direct-injection (GDI) 1 point 9 L (1855 cubic centimetre ) "B4194T" Dual Overhead Cam turbo plus "B4194T2" varying valve timing Dual Overhead Cam turbo 2.0 L (1948 cubic centimetre ) "B4204S" Dual Overhead Cam plus varying valve timing "B4204S2" 2.0 L (1948 cubic centimetre ) "B4204T" Dual Overhead Cam turbo "B4204T2/3" "B4204T5" Dual Overhead Cam turbo with varying valve timing Transmissions: M3P 5-speed guy (1.6- plus early 1.8-litre except GDI) M5p 5-speed guy (2.0-litre non-turbo plus later 1.8-litre except GDI) M5M42 or F5M45 5-speed guy (1.8-litre GDI) an Italian honor ceremony. In 2001 Volvo up-to-date the 40 Series ("Phase II") implementing a amount of technical improvements e.g. improved engine administration direct (diesel) gas injection additional protection attributes heavier brake discs new front springs plus shock details
piston Petrol motors covered: ● 2.0 Litre (1984cc) "B5204T" Dual Overhead Cam Turbo ● 2.3 Litre (2319cc) "B5234T" Dual Overhead Cam Turbo ● 2.4 Litre (2435cc) "B5244S" Dual Overhead Cam ● 2.4 Litre (2435cc) "B5244T" Dual Overhead Cam Turbo ● 2 point five Litre (2521cc) "B5254T" Dual Overhead Cam Turbo 5 piston Diesel engine Covered: ● 2.4 Litre (2401cc) "D5244" Dual Overhead Cam Turbo PLEASE NOTE THIS MANUAL DOES NOT COVER: ● engine auto with all the 2.8 (2783cc) or 2.9 (2922cc) 6 piston petrol ● engine auto with 2 point five (2461cc) diesel motors ● The V70R ● AWD (4WD) models ● Bi-fuel models Contents: ● Living with The Volvo V70 or S80 ● Roadside Repairs ● Weekly Checks ● Lubricants Fluids ● Tyre Pressures ● Routine Maintenance Service ● Petrol engine In-Car engine plus 2 turbocharged variants with either low- or high-pressure. The V70 five piston turbo motors inside the US marketplace occurred with become the base V70 2 point five litre light-pressure turbo straight-five engine with 211 metric horsepower (155 kW; 208 horsepower) at 5 000 rpm; plus extra info
- 1996 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Saloon plus Estate including T5 versions plus Special/Limited Editions.Engines Covered: 2.0-liter (1984 cubic centimetre ) 4-piston petrol 2.4-liter (2435 cubic centimetre ) 5-piston petrol 2.3-liter (2319 cubic centimetre ) turbocharged 5-piston petrol.Does NOT cover four-stroke diesel models.Inside this guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating airconditioner repair gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals will help save you revenue about repair plus repair bills. progressive procedures plus illustrations guide we from each job from standard repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note plus mirrors cruise control plus double zone climate control. Side torso airbags became a planet initially whenever introduced because a choice for 1995. Other choices throughout the model run included qualities including traction control leather interior force glass sunroof energy seats click on
Owners Service Repair Manual covers: 120 130 Series Saloon 220 Series Estate P1800 Series Sports Coupe. fitted with all the 1.8-litre plus 2.0-litre motors.Inside this guide you'll find: scheduled upkeep routine engine tuning engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are revenue saving about repair plus repair bills. progressive procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from simple repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification will exist between models available inside different nations plus products like installed motors could vary. Please check which the guide might cover a model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. related info
absorbers plus steering electric systems plus wiring diagrams.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are revenue saving about repair plus repair bills. progressive procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification could exist between models available inside different nations plus products like installed motors will vary. Please check which the guide might cover a model before buy plus in the event you want more detail please contact you here.. more details.....
everything you ought to work. Save time and cash by doing it oneself with all the self-confidence just a Chilton Repair Manual could offer. Integracar attempts with place up a sizeable range of upkeep guides. On the alternative hand repair manuals is produced for many different nations as well as the vehicles place together for those countries. This really is why not all owners manuals can be appropriate for a certain engine car. Should you have any questions whether a certain owners manual is ideal suited for a engine car please contact you hereVolvo Saloons Estates plus Coupes (1990-98) by Chilton Automotive Books lots more
cover LPG conversion.Inside this guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition braking program springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals will help save you revenue about bills for repair plus repair. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from simple repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification will exist between models available inside different nations plus goods including installed machines may vary. Please check which the guide may cover a model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. come here
automobile with a great history with tell. David Styles takes you back with the initially Volvo with discover the origins of the company's initial purpose-built sports automobile. Tracing its shape plus development by with its release inside 1961 he covers the different variations of the 1800 coupe the 1800ES 'sportwagon' the 480ES as well as the C70. Topics include: complete history of all 1800 variations; full technical requirements for every model plus guidance about obtaining plus preserving an 1800.Volvo 1800 by David G. Styles considerably more details
Manual covers covers all Volvo 262 264 plus 265/260 models built from 1975 with 1985 with 2664 cubic centimetre or 2849 cubic centimetre Vee Six petrol machines with carburettors or gas injection.In this workshop guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance routine engine tuning engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion wirings plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals will help save you funds about repair plus repair bills. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification could exist between models available inside different nations plus products like installed motors may vary. Please check which the guide might cover the model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. additional info.....
cubic centimetre ) plus B18 (1778 cubic centimetre ) machines plus M4 M30 plus M40 gearboxs plus overdrive. Specific models include the PV444 PV544 (P110) P1800 PV445 plus P122 (P120 & Amazon). But because the same driveline was selected for the P210 P130 P220 144 142 plus 145 by the 1968 model year much of the information is furthermore relevant with these models. Measuring 5.5 x 8.5 inches with 464 pages plus 438 illustrations charts plus requirements it will be difficult with imagine a more complete guide exists for these early Volvo cars. Originally published by Floyd Clymer this might be a faithful reproduction of the 1964 publication. It involves complete technical information service plus repair info plus comprehensive detailed instructions for the repair plus overhaul of all main plus minor mechanical plus electric components creating it an invaluable resource for PV444 PV544 (P110) P1800 PV445 P122 (P120 & Amazon) P210 P130 P220 144 142 & 145 by Floyd Clymer link here
plus Hubs. Rack plus pinion Gear. braking program. Electrical System. Body Work. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations plus products including installed machines may vary. Please check which the guide usually cover a model before buy plus in the event you require more detail please contact you here.. more information.....
identify particular problems; strategies which provide useful brief cuts with result in the job simpler plus eliminate the requirement for unique tools; notes cautions plus warnings for the house mechanic; color spark connect diagnosis plus an user friendly index. Integracar aims with provide we a broad range of repair guides. Never the less service manuals is produced for a quantity of nations as well as the vehicles tailored for those nations. That signifies not all repair manuals can be perfect for a chosen auto. If you have concerns whether a particular workshop guide is right for the car never hesitate with email you hereVolvo 740 plus 760 (Petrol) 1982-88 Owner's Workshop Manual by Matthew Minter click here.....
Service Repair Manual covers: Hatchback Saloon plus Coupe including Turbo plus Special/Limited Editions 1987 - 1997 1.6 liter (1596 cubic centimetre ) 1.7 liter (1721 cubic centimetre ) 1.8 liter (1794 cubic centimetre ) plus 2.0 liter (1998 cubic centimetre ).Does NOT cover four-stroke diesel models.Inside this guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust emissions control ignition brakes springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are revenue saving about repair plus repair bills. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations provide we guidance for each task from standard repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification will exist between models available inside different nations plus goods including installed motors may vary. Please check which the guide might cover a model before buy plus should you require more information
Models: Volvo P1800 1960 - 1963. Volvo 1800S 1963 - 1969. Volvo 1800E 1969 - 1973. Volvo 121 1961 - 1967. Volvo 122 1961 - 1967. Volvo 123GT 1967 - 1968. Volvo 131 1963 - 1970. Volvo 132 1963 - 1968. Volvo 133 1968 - 1970. Volvo 221 1962 - 1968. Volvo 222 1962 - 1968. Volvo 223 1967 - 1968.Contents: The Engine. The Fuel System. The Ignition System. The Cooling System. The Clutch. The Gearbox. Automatic gearbox. Propeller Shaft Rear Axle Rear Suspension. Front Suspension plus Hubs. The Rack plus pinion Gear. The Braking System. wiring. The car body.Wiring Diagrams: Wiring Diagram for P1800 as much as Chassis N0. 7000 Wiring Diagram for 1800S as much as Chassis N0. 10000 Wiring Diagram for 1800S about Chassis N0. 12500 Wiring Diagram for 1800S as much as Chassis N0. 30000 Wiring Diagram for 1800E as much as Chassis N0. 300001 Wiring Diagram for 1800E as much as Chassis N0. 37550 Wiring Diagram for 1800ES. Wiring Diagram Chassis 1 with 10499 2 Door Model. Chassis 84300 with 112799 4 Door Model. Wiring Diagram Chassis 10500 with 39999 2 Door Model. Chassis 112800 with 133999 4 Door Model. Chassis 1 with 8274 Station Wagon. Wiring Diagram Chassis 40000 with 84599 2 Door Model. more details.....
additional Volvo repair manuals here US guide covering US models of the Volvo 240 Series Petrol 1976 - 1993 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers 1976-1993 Volvo 240 Series 2- plus 4-door sedan plus station wagon models with 2.1 liter or 2.3 liter Petrol motors (including turbo). Models covered include: ● Volvo 240 ● Volvo 242 ● Volvo 244 ● Volvo 245 Note: this guide DOES NOT include diesel engine info. Contents: ● Introduction: Car Identification Numbers. Purchasing Parts. Safety. Maintenance Tips. Chemical And Lubricants And More. ● Scheduled upkeep plus tuning ● 4-Cylinder Engine: B21A B21F B23F B230F (Injected And Carbureted) ● General Engine Overhaul Procedures ● Cooling Heating And airconditioner upkeep Systems ● Fuel And Exhaust Systems ● Engine Electrical Systems ● Emissions fine-tuning of the air plus gas mixture plus consequently yielded superior emissions drivability plus gas economy. Regarding one-third of all 240s available were station wagons that showcased quite big cargo room of 41 cubic feet (1.2 m3). They might be outfitted with a rear-facing foldable more details.....
four-stroke diesel models.motors covered: B200 2.0 liter (1986 cubic centimetre ) gas injected OHC in-line 4-piston petrol B23ET B230ET 2.3 liter (2316 cubic centimetre ) turbocharged OHC in-line 4-piston petrol B230E 2.3 liter (2316 cubic centimetre ) gas injected OHC in-line 4-piston petrol B230K 2.3 liter (2316 cubic centimetre ) carburettored OHC in-line 4-piston petrol B234F 2.3 liter (2316 cubic centimetre ) gas injected Dual Overhead Cam in-line 4-piston petrol B28E plus B280E 2.8 liter (2849 cubic centimetre ) gas injected OHC Vee Six petrolTransmissions Covered: M46 4 geared guide with overdrive M47 plus M47 II 5-speed guide AW70 AW71 AW72 plus ZF4HP22 4 geared automaticNOTE: Just upkeep change minor repair procedures and removal plus installation are described for the transmissions.In this workshop guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification will exist between models available inside different nations plus products like installed motors could vary. Please check which the guide may cover the model before buy plus should come here
this brand-new edition. Between 1965 plus 1977 the Swedish maker Volvo yielded a staggering 40 000 F88 pickups. Along with Scania Volvo came with dominate the European truck marketplace. Before this revolution pickups were frequently noisy uncomfortable plus liable with break down. Volvo changed machines gearboxes frames braking program forces plus shafts delivering all these components below their own control. This distinctive position gave them an enviable edge over rivals for standard control plus provide. Development function too might proceed without interruption. Wherever trucking function was required about significant plenty or for long-haul function the F88 was bound with be a severe contender. Patrick Dyer presents the predecessors with the F88 a photographic record of the truck at the job in every way of instances plus then works with the su cubic centimetre essor F89. His second edition involves all of the authentic photos and also 53 new ones - including certain rarities - mostly within the Volvo archives. He has added 7 000 words with the text. Patrick Dyer functions inside engine sport and holds a Class 1 HGV licence. In companion books for Old Pond he more info
out. It is in the end an authentic. For inspiration or way within the big idea with the best detail look no further than this book. With hundreds of samples of what builders plus painters plus passionate owners have completed with their bicycles "Custom Motorcycles "is a awesome method to receive started--or with fine-tune a concept. Custom front ends tanks paint frames wheels plus more--every inch of the motorcycle is customized plus each step of the procedure is covered inside this book. Packed with over 700 pictures plus detailed info about any issue we would encounter the book is the initial plus many useful tool which anybody customizing a bicycle must have. Integracar attempts with have a big range of repair guides. Although service manuals might effectively be place together for particular countries as well as the engine cycle developed for those countries. Due to the truth not all repair manuals can be desirable for a certain motorcycle. If you have any questions whether a individual owners guide is right for the car kindly contact you hereCustom Motorcycles by Michael Lichter more data
centimetre ) plus 2.3 litre (2316 cubic centimetre ) 8-valve petrol machines.Does NOT cover four-stroke diesel models.Does NOT cover 16-valve petrol engine (B204/B234) motors or four-stroke diesel machines.Inside this guide you'll find: scheduled upkeep routine engine tuning engine upkeep cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition braking program springs plus shock absorbers plus Rack plus pinion electric systems plus electric schematics.Haynes workshop plus service manuals are funds saving on bills for repair plus repair. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations guide we by each job from standard upkeep plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a certain nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations plus goods including installed machines will vary. Please check which the guide can cover the model before buy plus should you want more detail please contact you here.. more information.....
editions.Does NOT cover Classic T5 or AWD (four-wheel-drive) models or facelifted range introduced July 2007.Petrols motors Covered: 1.8 liter (1798 cubic centimetre ) 2.0 liter (1999 cubic centimetre ) 2.4 liter (2435 cubic centimetre )Does NOT cover 1.6 liter or 2 point five liter petrol motorsfour-stroke diesel engine Covered: 2.0 liter (1988 cubic centimetre ) turbo-four-stroke dieselDoes NOT cover 1.6 liter or 2.4 liter four-stroke diesel motors T5 or AWD modelsIn this workshop guide you'll find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling plus heating air-conditioning gas plus exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes suspension plus Rack plus pinion wirings plus electric schematics.Haynes repair manuals could help save you cash about repair plus repair bills. Step-by-step procedures plus illustrations guide we from each job from simple repair plus troubleshooting with complete teardown rebuild. Information about Repair plus Service Manuals Note which repair manuals are usually yielded for models available inside a specific nation. Differences inside specification may exist between models available inside different nations click to go
utilize. All repair procedures are supported by detailed requirements exploded views plus photos. From the easiest repair process with the many complex trust Chilton's Total Car Care with provide we everything you ought to work. Save time and revenue by doing it oneself with all the self-confidence just a Chilton Repair Manual could supply. Integracar tries with offer a sizeable variety of servicing manuals. But workshop manuals is place together for countless nations as well as the engine auto yielded for those nations. Then not all owners manuals can be appropriate for a chosen car. If you have questions whether a individual repair guide is best for a engine car please email you hereVolvo Saloons Estates plus Coupes (1970-89) by Chilton Automotive Books more information.....
brand-new look! To guarantee the continued achievement of among the industry's many dynamic manual series Haynes has color coded their covers by producer plus changed the familiar cover art with computer-generated cutaway photography. By Summer 2000 80 % of Haynes manuals may have the colourful brand-new shape. Inside fanatics might discover the same reliable info -- whether the reader has easy upkeep or perhaps a complete engine rebuild in your mind he or she will be confident which there's a Haynes Manual for simply above each prevalent domestic plus import automobile truck plus motorcycle. Hundreds of illustrations plus step-by-step instructions create every repair effortless to adhere to. Integracar attempts with offer a big selection of repair guides. Conversely workshop manuals is built for surprisingly different nations as well as the vehicles tailored for those countries. And therefore not all repair manuals can be right for a individual car. Should you have any concerns whether a particular service guide is relevant for the car kindly email you hereVolvo 850 1993-1997 by Ed Scott find out more.....
Volvo manufactures and markets a number of SUVs, station wagons (estates), and sedans (saloons), compact executive sedans and coupes. Witan around 2,300 nearby dealers from around 100 national earnings companies worldwide, Volvo Cars' largest markets are the United States, Sweden, Asia, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Belgium. In 2011, Volvo recorded global revenues of 449,255 cars, an greatly enhance of 20.3% compared to 2010.
The trademark Volvo (which is Latin for I roll) was first registered by SKF the 11 May 1915 with the objective to use it for a special variety of ball bearing for the US marketplace (however in the application for the trademark, it was also designated for the purpose of automobiles), but it was never utilized for this purpose. SKF trademark as it looks now had been used instead for all the SKF-products. Some pre-series of Volvo-bearings sealed because of the brand name 'Volvo' had been artificial but was never introduced to the marketplace and it was not until 1927 that the trademark was used again, now as company and trademark name for an automobile.
The first Volvo automobile remaining the assembly line April 14, 1927, and had been called Volvo ÖV 4. After this the juvenile company prepared shut cabriolet and top vehicles, which are designed to hold powerful within the Swedish climate and terrain. In the registration application for Volvo logotype in 1927, the company simply made a copy of the entire radiator for ÖV4, viewed from the front.
In 1964 Volvo opened its Torslanda plant in Sweden, which currently is the one of the largest production websites (chiefly large SUV) and trucks. After that in 1965 the Ghent, Belgium plant was opened, which is the company's second largest manufacturing website (chiefly small cars). In the end in 1989 the Uddevalla plant in Sweden was opened, which is now jointly operated by Volvo Car Corporation and Pininfarina of Italy.
A collection of Volvo's many important historic cars tend to be now housed in The Volvo Museum, which opened in a permanent location in Arendal at Hisingen on May 30, 1995. For several years, the range got been housed at "The pink Hangar," at the then closed Torslanda Airport.
Within the early 1970s, Volvo acquired the traveler car division of the Dutch company DAF, and marketed their small cars as Volvos before releasing the Dutch-built Volvo 340, which went on to be one of the biggest-selling trucks within the British market within the 1980s.
Volvo Group, as among the biggest manufacturers of commercial vehicles within the planet, took the initiative to sell its automobile manufacturing in 1999 in purchase to totally focus its efforts on the market for commercial cars.
Ford, on the some other hand, saw advantages in acquiring a profitable prestige mid-size European automobile manufacturer, well renowned for its safety factors, as an addition to its Premier Automotive Group. The buyout of Volvo Cars was announced on January 28, 1999, and in the following 12 months the acquisition was completed at a price of $6.45 billion USD. As a result of the divestiture, the Volvo trademark happens to be used by two separate companies:
Volvo Group – a producer of industrial cars, etc. purchased by Swedish interests.
Volvo Auto Company or Volvo Cars – a manufacturer of automobiles owned by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group and formerly purchased by Ford Motor Company.
In the summer of 1995 Volvo introduced the S4/F4 series but had to change the model's name as it conflicted with Audi who had already reserved the "S4" name. The promptly renamed S40 saloon (sedan) and V40 (Ferrari objected to F40) estate (station wagon), produced during the NedCar factory in Holland (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi engines) and based on a common system aided by the Mitsubishi Carisma. The V40, with pull coefficient of 0.32, was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s Design Director, and was marketed in Southern, Australia and North America, and the Far East. The V40 was called the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the entire world’ at an Italian honor ceremony.
In 2000 Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"), applying a number of technical improvements, e.g., improved engine management, drive (diesel) gas injection, further security features, larger brake discs, new front directing and suspension, revised rear suspension, bigger a widening and tires of the track width. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as small instruments and fascia re-design.
The 40 Series cars happened to be loaded with four-cylinder engines, these as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, further increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of that are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was furthermore a 1.8 L (1834 cc) Gasoline lead injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform revealing amongst the 40 the Carisma and show.
The Volvo S40/V40 show had been a completely brand-new automobile from the ground up, with no engines, aided by the exception of the 1.9 Turbo Diesel motor carried over from the past 400 show.
The minimal (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded across and badged as 1.9T and was truly the only engine available in North America. The 5 speed manual transmission, widely available in European countries was not certified in North American S40s, because of the 5 Speed automatic as the only option. No electrical CVT transmission was planned unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that was indeed circulated before the 400 series was completely phased out.
Within the United Kingdom, trim levels happened to be XS, SE and CD.
A racing variation (S40) had been introduced in the British Touring Car Championship in 1997 and in 1998 the car, with Rickard Rydell, took the championship.
Due to the common system, numerous components of the suspension and drive train are compatible with Carisma as well as the Mitsubishi Evolution III. and Proton Impian.
The Volvo S40 was the first auto to earn four movie stars in Euro-NCAP.
Volvo trucks have long been marketed and stressed their historic profile for solidity and reliability. Prior to strong government safety regulation Volvo got been in the forefront of protection technology.
In 1944, laminated glass was introduced in the PV unit. In 1958, Volvo engineer Nils Bohlin invented and patented the modern 3-Point protection Belt, which became standard on all Volvo cars in 1959, and then made this design patent open within the desire of safety and made it available to other car manufacturers for free. Also, Volvo developed the initial rear-facing child seat in 1964 and introduced its personal booster seat in 1978.
The 960 introduced the first three-point seat belt for the center of the back a child and seat protection cushion integrated in the middle armrest. Also in 1991 it introduced the Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) in the 940/960 and 850 models, which channelled the force of a side impact away from the doors and into the safety cage.
To apply to its SIPS, in 1995 Volvo had been the first to expose part airbags and installed them as traditional equipment required in all models in 1996. At the start of the 1995 model spring, side impact protective covering airbags were standard on high trim-level Volvo 850s, and optional on other 850s. By the center of the production spring, they were standard on all 850s. In Model Year 1996, SIPS airbags turned into standard on all Volvo designs.
In 1998 Volvo also was and developed the first to install a head-protecting airbag, that has been created standard in all new designs as well as some existing models. The head-protecting airbag was not available on the 1996 C70 since the initial design deployed the airbag from the rooftop and the C70, being a convertible, would never accommodate such an airbag. A later version of the C70 featured a head-protecting airbag deploying upwards from the doorway, avoiding this problem. It offers been stated by many testing authorities that side mind covering curtain airbags can reduce the possibility of death in a side influence by up to 40% and mind injury by up to 55%, as well as protecting during a rollover.
In 1998, Volvo introduced its Whiplash cover System (WHIPS), a safety device to prevent hurt to front seat users during collisions. In 2004, Volvo introduced the BLIS system, which detects vehicles entering the Volvo's blind spot with a side-view-mirror-mounted detector, and alerts the driver with a light. That spring also saw Volvos sold in all markets furnished with side-marker lighting and daytime-running lights. Much of Volvo's safety technology nowadays additionally goes into other Ford vehicles. In 2005 Volvo presented the second creating of Volvo C70, it comes down with further stiff door-mounted inflatable part curtains (the first of its type in a convertible).
In 2006 Volvo's Personal automobile Communicator (PCC) remote control happens to be established as an optional feature with the all-new Volvo S80. Before a driver enters their car, he or she can examine the safety degree and know whether they usually have set the alarm and if the car is definitely locked. Also, a heartbeat sensor warns if someone is hiding inside the car. The S80 is also the first Volvo unit to feature Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Collision Warning and Brake Support (CWBS).
Since 2004 all Volvo designs except for the coupes (C30 and C70) are available with an all-wheel drive system developed by Haldex Traction of Sweden.
Even though Volvo Car Corp has been owned by the Ford engine Company, the safety systems of Volvo are still standard on all Volvo vehicles. Volvo has patented all their security inventions, such as ROPS, WHIPS, SIPS, DSTC, and body structures. A few of these systems were installed with other Ford cars in forms similar to those of Volvo systems, only because Volvo has licensed the FOMOCO and other PAG members to utilize these attributes.
A 2005 FOLKSAM report puts the 740/940 (from 1982 on) within the 15% better than normal market, the second from the top category. The Volvo 745 was also recalled down to that the front seatbelts mounts could break in a collision.
In 2005, after the American non-profit, non-governmental Insurance Institute for freeway Safety (IIHS) released their first annual peak Safety Picks vehicles list, none of Volvo's offered vehicles in the U.S. was included on the list. In accordance to Russ Rader, a spokesman for IIHS, Volvo lagged behind its competitors. Dan Johnston, a Volvo spokesman, denied that the company's vehicles are any less safe than the Institute's top-rated cars, including that
"It's simply a philosophy on safety that is different from building trucks to pass these kinds of tests."
According to the Insurance Institute for Highway protection (IIHS), Volvo's S80 became one of 2009 Ideal security Picks Award winner, but Volvo's S40 and S60 (both 2005–09 models with traditional side airbags) failed to achieve the finest report in their side impact test. Volvo's C30 has not yet been tested by IIHS, but was given 5 star safety in EuroNCAP.
However, based on the IIHS, in latest years Volvo Cars have nevertheless managed to maintain their tall class safety ratings as seen in test results. The Volvo XC90, S80 and C70 all score top scores in these rated crash exams.
In 2008 a French court found Volvo partially responsible for causing the death of two children and serious injuries of one in Wasselonne on June 17, 1999, when the brakes of a 1996 Volvo 850 failed. The court subjected Volvo to a 200,000 Euro fine.
The Volvo V40 is truly a little group car, available in 5-door hatchback form, and had been unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. It replaces the Volvo S40 saloon and V50 estate, and has been on sale in European countries since May 2012 and the UK since August.
The V40 is the previous Volvo to be designed by British designer Peter Horbury before he moved to Volvo's parent Geely.
It is built on the modified Ford C1 platform that has been utilized by Volvo C30, with modifications to the electrical electric power steering, and revised damper and spring settings.
The engine lineup is carried from current Volvo models, with two petrol engines; a 1.6 litre EcoBoost I4 producing either 150 and 180 hp, reliant on specification, and a 2.5 litre Volvo B525 I5 producing 254 horsepower, and two diesel engines; a 1.6 litre Ford Duratorq engine, which produces 115 hp, whilst only emitting 94 g/km of CO2, and a 2.0 litre I5 Volvo diesel system available in two versions, 150 hp and 177 hp.
Volvo introduced the first generation C70 at the 1996 Paris engine Show, after a Western european introduction as a 1997 model, and later as a 1998 unit in North America — with 2.0 (sold mostly in Italy), a low-pressure turbo (2.4L) and a high-pressure turbo (5-cylinder, 2.3L) and 2.0L, turbocharged petrol engines and manual and automatic transmissions. Peter Horbury designed the outside and Mexican designer Jose Diaz de la Vega led the interior artwork team.
1999-2002 Volvo C70 convertible (Australia)
1999–2002 Volvo C70 convertible, Australia
1997-2002 Volvo C70 coupe, Germany
The C70 broke Volvo's decades-long design tradition of boxy, rectilinear designsan In accordance to Peter Horbury, Volvo's design chief from 1991 to 2002, aided by the C70, Volvo threw away the box, but "kept the toy around!" "Our vision was to design a convertible that would meet the needs of a group of four searching for comfortable blue-sky motoring in a vehicle also providing stylish performance, seems and faultless road-holding and driving."
In a development program of 30 months and working with a Volvo 850-derived Britain’s, system TWR (Tom Walkinshaw Racing) co-designed the car's basic artwork and suspension tuning with Volvo. Manufacture of the C70 was a joint venture until the two companies experienced disputes that threatened to disturb TWR; manufacturing did not lead to the second creating C70.
Volvo's first modern convertible, the C70 was manufactured in Sweden, Uddevalla on a separate assembly line from the 70-series sedan and station wagon. The four-seater convertible featured an electrically heated glass rear windows, programmed (pop-up) rollover hoops, seat belt pre-tensioners, boron steel reinforced side, A-pillars and front airbags, and a safety cage — a horseshoe-like structure around the traveler compartment.
The cloth convertible top, initially available in four hues, had been completely automatic, operated by unmarried, dashboard-mounted button. The peak retained automatically under an vital stiff tonneau cover in a system pioneered in modern convertibles with the fourth generation Mercedes SL.
The C70 convertible exhibited two negative traits endemic to convertibles: poor rear visibility and marked scuttle shake, a characteristic whereby the structural artwork of the bulkhead between motor and traveler compartment of a convertible suffers sufficiently poor rigidity to negatively impact ride and handling, allowing noticeable vibration, shudder or chassis-flexing into the passenger compartment.
Early unique editions featured two-tone leather interior with wooden trim and a SC-901 (1998) Dolby Pro Logic I stereo with 3-disc integrated changer device (via a cartridge) 400 watts of power and 11 high end Dynaudio speakers.
The C70 was introduced to the press in a signature color (saffron pearl metallic) as well as for the debut marketing, the 1997 movie The Saint included a C70 — recalling the notable connection of the Volvo P1800 and the TV series from the early 1960s, The Saint with Roger Moore as Simon Templar.
There had been no 2005 unit C70 in North America, the 2004 left over models are sold into 2005 there. 72,000 first generation C70s were produced in the seven years up to 2006, less than 50,000 are convertibles.
Volvo plans to launch a compact crossover in the US in about three years, and the CUV likely uses the company's new Compact Modular Architecture.
It doesn't make a lot of sense that the very pinnacle of driving would be a box-on-wheels old Volvo on a patch of dirt and ice in rural New Hampshire. But I don't need life to make sense.
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With half of the S90s in China likely to be chauffeured, we think it's a no-brainer for Volvo to offer it with the Excellence trim.
Volvo will bring the next generation of its XC40 and S40 compacts to the USA. Read more at Car and Driver.
Even at the pace at which it's moving, it'll still take a while for Volvo to replace the V40. So in the meantime, it's given it a bit of a facelift.
Volvo lets us drive a S90 T6 prototype on an icy track in Northern Sweden. This lets us think about reindeer and if you can really design a death-proof car.
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